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USSBS Report 69, The Thirteenth Air Force in the War Against Japan

USSBS Report 69, The Thirteenth Air Force in the War Against Japan

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Published by: JapanAirRaids on Oct 25, 2011
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09/23/2013

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/0(',
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THEUNITEDSTATESSTRATEGICBOMBINGSURVEY
THETHIRTEENTHAIRFORCEINTHE
WARAGAINSTJAPAN
_-
 
RESTRICTED
THEUNITEDSTATESSTRATEGICBOMBINGSURVEY
THETHIRTEENTH
AIRFORCEINTHEWARAGAINSTJAPAN
MILITARYANALYSISDIVISION
30September1946
RESTRICTED
 
Thisreportwas
writtCll
prirnnrilyfortileuseoftheUnitedStatesStrategieBom.biugSurvey
In
thepreparationoffurtherreportsofamorecomprehensive
JlU
tuze,
Any
conelusions
OJ:0
piniens
expressed
in
this
repor~
ill
us
t
be
con-sidereduslimitedtothe
specific
material
covered
andussubjecttofurtherinterpretation
In
thelightoffurtherstudiesconcluded
by
theSurvey.
ii
FOREWORD
TheUnitedStILtesStrategieBombingSurveywas
cato,l;lishod
bytheSecretlllY
gf
Wil"on3November1944,
pursuant
t..
a
directive
from
tholatePresidentRoosevelt.
Ets
missionwas
1;0,
comluet
1lI1
impartialnndexperts~lldyoftheeff~ctsofom'apj·ja1uttaekonGermany,
to
beusedinconnectionwith
l1i.r
a~tll.CksonJnpanandto
ostublish
11
basis
[orevaluatingI,he
un-
pcrtanceami1;0Lell~in1itiesofairpowerlISallinstrumentofmilitarystrawgy,
{OJ·
pLnn.ningthofuturedev~]opi:nen\,oftheUnited
S!..
tes..zmcdforces,om](ordeterminingfut""eeconomicpoti,-cieswithrespect
to
thenationnldefense.Aswnnla,y
rcp01'~
nnd
some
200'supporting
reports
containingvile
findings
ofthoSurveyinGermany
ho.
v
II
b
~(!II
publis
hed,On
15
August194.5,Prssidan],
T"UIDIlU
re-quested~hn.tt;hcSurveyconduct
[I,
similarstudy
oftheefl'ocLs
0
r
all
,ypcsofair"ttucKinthewar
o,gl1.inst
J
apan,submitt.ingreports
in
duplicnto
to~h(!SeeretaryofWurandtotheSecretaryoftheNavy.Theofficers
or
theSu,,"cydiu-ing
ills
Jv,p!lJlCS~
phasewere:FrauklinD'Olior,Chuirmnn,PlI.ul
H.
Nitzo,11ml'YC.AI.xlmcle,Vice
Dlmi
rmeu,HarryL.Bowman,
J.
KennethGalbrll
ith,
RemisLlkal'~.
Fl"llllkA.
McN'1J1l(lC,
Jr,FrodSeurls,J
J".
MnnrneE.Spa1l'M.DJ'.
J.JCww
R.
Thompson.Theodore
P.Wri"M,
Directors,Wnltm'WlIds,
SIWI·\lMq.
TheSurvey'seomplemeu~providedlor300
civilinns,350
ofliceI"S,nnd500enlisted
JllIIJl.
Themilitarysegtnell
t
of
tI,
e0rganizationWIISdrawnIromtheArmy
to
theextent
.of
60percent,andfromtheNQ.vy
1:0
tileextentof40percent.Boththe
Army
andI;heNavygll.l'etheSurveyallpossiblenssistanceinIurnishingmen,supplies,trtmsport,lindInformation.The
Surv,BY
oper-ated[rom
JleudqlHlri:-ers
as
tablishad
in
Tokyocurly
ill
September1945,withsub-headqunrters
in
Nagoya,Osaka,HiroshimaandNagasllki,
and
withmobileteamsoperating
in
other
parts
ofJup
11!1,
theisllllldsof
Lh~
Pacific,andtheAsiatiemainlnnd,It
WIlS
possib
I
etoroconstrucn
IIIU
eh
ofwll.rliime
Japanesemilitaryplanning
and
execution,en-
gagementbyengagemen
t,
andcampaignbycampaign,andtosecurereasenablyaccuratestatisticsonJapan'seconomyandwar-produe-tion,plantbyplant,andindustrybyindustry.
III
!Ldeiiion,studleswerecond
Ilcood
on
J
apan'sover-allstrategicplansandthobackgroundofher
entry
intothe
war,
thaint-ernaldiscussionsnndnegotiationsLeuding
to
heracceptanceofuncondittonalsurrender,tlie
COlJJ"!;e
of
healthandmoraleamongthncivilianpopulation,the
GlJoo-
ti"~nessof
thG
JlI.PlLlles6civiliandefense
0llllJl-
'i7<ILtiol"l,ndiliaeffeotsoftheatomicbombs.
Sepnrate
reportswillbeissuedcoveringeachphaseofthestu
dy,
TheSUn'c),interrogated
more
than700Jllop-anesemilitary,
go'vmnmsllli,
andindustrialoffi-cinls,Italsorecoveredandtl"(l.IlSlatcdmanydocumentswhichnot.onlyhavebeenusefultotlteSurvey,bUl;alsowilllurnishdatavaluableloroth
111·
studies,
A.I"
rungements
11ll\CC
beenmuds
to
tUI1l
overtheSurv~y'sfiles
to
theCent,·.LIntelligenceGroup,
through
,,;hiehth~ywillbenvailubletorfurtherexuminauonrun!dis-t."ibutioIl.

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