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Klasifikasi Tumbuhan

Klasifikasi Tumbuhan

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Published by abdul rakan

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: abdul rakan on Oct 25, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/18/2014

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Klasifikasi Tumbuhan
Plant Classification 
Mount Kinabalu Vegetation
© Rindita
 
Klasifikasi Makhluk Hidup
Linnaeus: 2 Kingdom (Plantae dan Animalia)
J. Hogg & Ernst Haeckel, tahun 1860-an: 3 Kingdom(Protoctista, Plantae, Animalia)
Herbert F. Copeland, tahun 1938: 4 Kingdom (Monera,Protoctista, Plantae, Animalia)
R.H. Whittaker, tahun 1969: 5 Kingdom (Monera,Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia). Bakteri masuk kedalam Monera dan eukariota bersel satu ke dalamProtista.
Carl Woese, tahun 1980-1990: 6 Kingdom (Archaea,Bacteria, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia).
 
Recent work with DNA sequencing of the ribosomalRNA genes has shown that the bacteria are deeplydivided into 2 groups:- the Eubacteria (most of the common bacteria) andthe Archaebacteria (dwellers in extreme temperature,
pH, salinity, etc.). This has led to the “3 domain”model”: life can be classified as
Archaebacteria,Eubacteria, or Eukaryote. This scheme is favored bymicrobiologists.
Problem: although the 3 domain model fitsevolutionary history well, the differences betweenEubacteria and Archaebacteria are not easy to state fornon-scientists.
 
Taxonomists have developed a hierarchy to describe
any organism’s classification: kingdom, phylum, class,
order, family, genus, species.

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