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Present Simple + Continuous + Exercises

Present Simple + Continuous + Exercises

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Published by: ninapopagail on Oct 25, 2011
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 Present Simple - The Affirmative, Negative, and Interrogative Aspects
TO BE ( a fi)TO HAVE (a avea)
 PERSOAN  A/  NUMARU  L ASPECTUL AFIRMATIV/ FORMA SCURTĂ  ASPECTUL NEGATIV/  FORMA SCURTĂ  ASPECTUL INTEROGATIV 
SG: II
have
/ I
’ve
I
do not
/
don’t have
 
Do
I
have
?IIYou
have
/ you’
ve
You
do not /dont haveDo
you
have?
IIIHe
has
/ he’
s
He
does not /doesn’t have
 
Does
he
have
?She
has
/ she’
s
She
does not /doesn’t have
 
Does
she
have
?It
has
It
does not /doesn’t have
 
Does
it
have
?PL: IWe
have/
we’
ve
We
do not /don’t have
 
Do
we
have
?IIYou
have
/ you’
ve
You
do not/ dont haveDo
you
have
?IIIThey
have
/ they’
ve
They
do not/ dont haveDo
they
have
?TO DO (a face)
 PERSOAN  A/  NUMARU  L ASPECTUL AFIRMATIV/ FORMASCURTĂ  ASPECTUL NEGATIV/  FORMA SCURTĂ  ASPECTUL INTEROGATIV 
SG: II
do
I
do not do
/ I
dont doDo
I
do
?IIYou
do
You
do not do
/ you
don’t do
 
Do
you
do
?IIIHe
does
He
does not do
/ he
doesnt doDoes
he
do
?She
does
She
does not do
/ she
doesnt doDoes
she
do
?It
does
It
does not do
/ It
doesnt doDoes
it
do?
PL: IWe
do
We
do not do
/ we
dont doDo
we
do
?IIYou
do
You
do not do
/ you
dont doDo
you
do
?IIIThey
do
They
do not do
/ they
dont doDo
they
do
?
OBSERVAŢII: PERSOANA /  NUMĂRUL ASPECTUL AFIRMATIV  ASPECTUL NEGATIV/  FORMA SCURTĂ  ASPECTUL INTEROGATIV 
SG: II
am
I
am not
/ I’
m notAm
I?IIYou
are
You
are not
/ you
arentAre
you?IIIHe
is
He
is not
/ he
isntIs
he?She
is
She
is not
/ she
isntIs
she?It
is
It
is not
/ it
isntIs
it?PL: IWe
are
We
are not
/ we
arentAre
we?IIYou
are
You
are not
/ you
arentAre
you?IIIThey
are
They
are not
/ the
arentAre
they?
 
La aspectul afirmativ la persoana a III-a singular (he/she/it) se adaugă la terminaţia verbului
+s/es
: I
do
anexercise. He/She
do
es
 
an exercise.We
come
home late. He
come
 s
home early.They
eat 
sweets. Jim
eat 
 s
pizza.
La aspectul negativ la toate persoanele se adaugă auxiliarul
 Do/Does
+ negaţia NOT + verbul de conjugat(varianta scurtă pentru
do+not 
este
don’t 
;
does+not 
este
doesn’t 
):I
do not do
an exercise. I
don’t do
an exercise.She
do
es
not do
an exercise. She
doesn’t do
an exercise.They
don’t eat 
sweets. Jim
doesn’t eat 
pizza.
La aspectul interogativ structura poziţiei este
auxiliarul (Do/Does)+ subiect+ verb
:
 Do
(auxiliar)
(subiect)
do
(verb) an exercise?
 Does she do
an exrecise?
 Do they eat 
sweets?
 Does
Jim
eat 
 pizza?
 Present Continuous Tense
verbele la prezentul continuu arată că acţiunea se petrece în momentul vorbirii¸ chiar atunci când estemenţionată de vorbitor.
se formează:
verbul TO BE + Verb (care preia) terminaţia -ING.
Exemplu: go + ing going¸ I
am
go
ing
We
are
 
go
ing
You
are
go
ing
You
are
go
ing
She/he/it
is
go
ing
They
are
go
ing
walk+ing – walk 
ing
¸drink+ing– drink 
ing
,
adverbele de frecvenţă cu care se foloseşte sunt:
NOW, AT THE MOMENT.
 poate exprima o acţiune planificată în viitorul apropiat:Exemplu: I’
m flying 
to Rome next Monday.
când se foloseşte în aceeaşi afirmaţie în care un verb este la prezentul simplu iar celălalt este la prezentul continuu, verbul la aspectul continuu arată o excepţie, o stare temporară, o situaţie excepţională
 
sauo situaţie/acţiune recurentă, repetată care irită/deranjează vorbitorul:Exemple: She usually
walks
to school, but this week she
is going 
by bus.‘Have a cookie’. ‘No, thank you, I
am slimming’ 
.My child
is
constantly
losing 
his gloves.
 Persoana / numărul  Aspectul AfirmativAspectul NegativAspectul Interogativ
SG: II
am
runn
ing
I
am not
runn
ing
/I’m not
Am
I runn
ing
?IIYou
are
runn
ing
You
are not
runn
ing
/ you
aren’t
runn
ingAre
you runn
ing
?IIIHe
is
runn
ing
He
is not
runn
ing
/ he
isn’t
runn
ingIs
he runn
ing
?She
is
runn
ing
She
is not
runn
ing
/ she
isn’t
runn
ingIs
she runn
ing
?It
is
runn
ing
It
is not
runn
ing
/ it
isn’t
runn
ingIs
it runn
ing
?PL: IWe
are
runn
ing
We
are not
runn
ing
/ we
aren’t
runn
ingAre
we runn
ing
?IIYou
are
runn
ing
You
are not
runn
ing
/ you
aren’t
runn
ingAre
you runn
ing
?IIIThey
are
runn
ing
They
are not
runn
ing
/ they
aren’t
runn
ingAre
they runn
ing
?
 ERBS 
 
 SELDOM 
 
USED
 
 IN 
 
THE 
ONTINUOUS 
 
 ASPECT 
 
(Când sunt folosite la aspectul continuu au sens total diferit faţă de celde bază)
:
BE _______, HAVE________, SEE________, SMELL_________, HEAR________, TASTE_________, FEEL________,RECOGNISE____________, NOTICE_________, LIKE________, DISLIKE_________, LOVE________, HATE________,ADORE________, CARE_________, PREFER____________, FORGIVE__________, WANT________, WISH________,DESIRE__________, REFUSE_________, DETEST__________, DESPISE_________, KNOW________,2
 
UNDERSTAND_____________, MEAN___________, REMEMBER___________, FORGET_________,BELIEVE_________, HOPE_________, DOUBT_________, SUPPOSE__________, IMAGINE__________, THINK (that)_________, RECALL__________, EXPECT__________, CALL_________, POSSESS________, OWN_________,FIT/ SUIT_________, BELONG TO___________, CONCERN______________.
Use of Present Simple and Continuous:
Present SimplePresent Continuous
1. for general truths/laws of PhysicsWater freezes at 0 degrees Centigrade.Earth revolves around the Sun.Romania lies in Eastern Europe.2. habitual actionsPam usually goes skiing in the winter.3. sports commentsHe passes the ball to player no.12 and he scores.4. newspaper headlinesPolice Finally Catch Robbery Suspect1. for actions happening at the momentThe wind is blowing hard (now) and I am notwearing a coat.2. temporary/limited action or behaviour I live in Brasov, but I’m living in Arad this year.3. immediate plans for the near futureWe are going to the seaside this summer.4. repeated action that annoys the speaker Ann is always doing her homework when I read!
 Phrases with the verb
 HAVE +
 give their Romanian equivalents
have breakfast/ lunch/ dinner 
We usually have breakfast at 7 am, and lunch at 1 pm.
have good/bad weather 
We hope to have good weather when we go on vacation.
have a visitor 
Do you have many visitors every weekend?
have someone as a guest 
We have the manager of Microsoft as a guest at this hotel.
have a good/wonderful time
She hopes to have a good time in Tahiti.
have the house repainted/decorated 
The Smiths have their house painted.
have a watch repaired 
My watch is broken, I have to have it repaired.
have a chat 
I haven’t seen you in a while, let’s have a chat over coffee!
DO
(
a face
– cu sensul de a se angaja/ implica într-o activitate)do business (They always do business with this company.do good Always do good, never hurt the others.do one’s best She’s going her best to win the competition.do a good job You are doing a good job, congratulations!do the shopping We do the shopping on Saturday.do a favour Please do me a favour and call her.do repairs We are doing major repairs on the house this month.do one’s duty The captain is doing his duty well.do someone a good turn If you want to do me a good turn, tell the lawyer.do an exercise She is doing an exercise now.do justice The police will do them justice.do research She is doing research for her final exam.do something for a living What do you do for a living? I am a writer.do odd jobs I have done odd jobs until I got this job.do overtime We are all doing overtime this month.
MAKE
(
a face – 
cu sensul de a crea)make a journey They are making a journey to Australia in Julymake a speech The President is making a speech now.make a mistake She never makes mistakes.make a complaint They want to make a complaint regarding the accommodation conditions and the prices.make arrangements We will make arrangements to be there on time.make an effort Please make an effort and finish this task.make progress She has made progress since she started studying.make profit They make big profit, they have experience in business.make a fortune He made a fortune selling cars.make an impression She made good impression at the job interview.make an accusation Stop making accusations until you have evidence.make an appointment To see the Mayor you have to make an appointment.make a proposal They made a proposal he couldn’t refuse.
1. Translate into English:
 Noi bem ceai zilnic la ora 5. (daily) ___________________________________________ Mergem la mare în fiecare an. (to the seaside/every year). _________________________ 
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