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Metrology and Quality Control Practical

Metrology and Quality Control Practical



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Published by: DIPAK VINAYAK SHIRBHATE on Oct 17, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Experiment No. 1
AIM : Study of gauges.

There are several methods available for the control of dimensions of a component. Each component, for example, may be measured for the specified dimensions with measuring instruments capable of giving required degree of accuracy. This system can be adopted for very precise work and where actual recording of dimensions is needed for the purpose of acceptance. Obviously this system of measurement is not only costly but time consuming also. Also due to errors made by inspectors due to fatigue etc may result in costly mistakes.


Plain gauges can be conveniently classified in the following ways:
1. according to type;
2. according to purpose;
3. according to form of tested surface; and
4. according to design.

According to Type:
These are of the following two types: (a) Standard gauges, (b) Limit gauges.
(a) Standard gauges :
M.Q.C. Practical

Every Go gauge is almost a replica or a model of the part which is supposed to mate or assemble with the component for which the gauge is designed. For example, if a bushing is manufactured to mate or assemble with shaft, then shaft is the mating part. The bushing is checked by a Go gauge which in so as the form of its surface, size etc. is concerned is a copy of the mating part, that is the shaft.

According to Purpose :

According to purpose, the gauges may be classified as (a) workshop or simply shop gauge, (b) inspection gauges, (c) purchase inspection gauge, (d) reference or master gauge.

Workshop and inspection gauges have already been discussed earlier
and they differ mainly in disposition of gauge tolerance.
(c) Purchase inspection gauge:

The need for such a gauge arises when the products of other plants are to be accepted. The purchaser must remember that the parts may have been gauged by working gauges worn to maximum possible degree. Therefore, the 'Go' side of the purchase inspection gauge must be designed carefully.

(d) Reference or master gauge:

Reference or master gauges are used only for checking the size and condition of other gauges. Reference gauges are the reverse or opposite in form to working or inspection gauges. Due to expenditure involved, reference gauges are seldom used and gauges are checked by universal measuring instruments.

Experiment No. 1
According to the form of the tested surface :

According to the form of the tested surface, the gauges are of three types: (a) gauges for checking holes called the plug gauges, (b) gauges for checking shafts called ring and snap gauges, (c) special purpose gauges such as these required for taper checking, position gauges and receiver gauges and profile checking.

(a) Plug gauges:

Indian Standard IS: 3484 recommends that gauging members of the plain plug gauges to be made of suitable wear resistant steel such as C 85 of IS: 1570 and hardened to not less than 750 HV or its equivalent on other scale. The gauging surface of plain gauges should be suitably stabilized and ground and lapped and other surfaces should be finished smooth. Handles for plain plug gauges should be made on any suitable steel. For heavier plain plug gauges, the handles may be made of light metal alloys. Suitable nonmetallic handles may be provided, in the case of smaller plain plug gauges also. The plain plug gauges shall be designated by 'Go' or 'No-Go' (or 'Not-Go') as applicable, the nominal size, the tolerance of the work piece to be gauged and the number of the standard. For example a double-ended 'Go' and 'Not-Go' plain plug gauge for gauging a bore of 6 mm with tolerance H 7 shall be designated as:

Go and No-Go (or Not-Go) plain plug gauge 6H7, IS: 3484.
A single-ended Go plain plug gauge for gauging a bare of 150 mm
with tolerance E 8 shall be designated as
Go Plain Plug Gauge 150 E 8 IS: 3484

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