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Anderson v. Hannaford Bros., 10-2384; 10-2460 (1st Cir. Oct. 20, 2011)

Anderson v. Hannaford Bros., 10-2384; 10-2460 (1st Cir. Oct. 20, 2011)

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Appeals court says that consumers' reasonable mitigation efforts to address credit card breach may be compensable.
Appeals court says that consumers' reasonable mitigation efforts to address credit card breach may be compensable.

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Published by: Venkat Balasubramani on Oct 25, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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United States Court of Appeals
For the First Circuit
Nos. 10-2384; 10-2450JOHN ANDERSON, JESSICA CHOATE, MICHAEL CYR,ELIZABETH DOWD, STEVE EARLEY, CYNDI FEAR, THOMAS FEAR,MARK FOLLANSBEE, CARLTON GREELY, ROBERT HANSON,BRUCE HATCH, PAULINE HATCH, JOHN HUTCHINGS, NANCY HUTCHINGS,ROBERT JENKINS, PAMELA LAMOTTE, PAMELA MERRILL, JEANNE SMITH,EILEEN TURCOTTE, LORI VALBURN AND PAMELA WILLIAMS,Plaintiffs, Appellants/Cross-Appellees,v.HANNAFORD BROTHERS CO.,Defendant, Appellee/Cross-Appellant,DELHAIZE AMERICA INC., and KASH N' KARRY FOOD STORES INC.,Defendants, Appellees.APPEAL FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTFOR THE DISTRICT OF MAINE[Hon. D. Brock Hornby, U.S. District Judge]BeforeLynch, Chief Judge,Torruella and Thompson, Circuit Judges.Peter L. Murray, with whom Thomas C. Newman, Nicole L.Bradick, Murray, Plumb & Murray, Lewis Saul, and Lewis SaulAssociates were on brief, for appellants/cross-appellees.Clifford H. Ruprecht, with whom William J. Kayatta, Jr.,Catherine R. Connors, Joshua D. Dunlap, and Pierce Atwood LLP wereon brief, for appellees/cross-appellant.
October 20, 2011
LYNCH, Chief Judge
. Plaintiffs appeal from the dismissalof their Maine state law claims arising out of the unauthorized useof their credit and debit card data after hackers breached theelectronic payment processing system of defendant HannafordBrothers Co., where plaintiffs had shopped for groceries and usedthose cards.The district court determined that plaintiffs failed tostate a claim under Maine law for breach of fiduciary duty, breachof implied warranty, strict liability, and failure to notifycustomers of the data breach. Although the district courtconcluded that the plaintiffs adequately alleged breach of impliedcontract, negligence, and violation of the unfair practices portionof the Maine Unfair Trade Practices Act (UTPA), the district courtdismissed those claims because it determined the plaintiffs'alleged injuries were too unforeseeable and speculative to becognizable under Maine law. In re Hannaford Bros. Co. CustomerData Sec. Breach Litig., 613 F. Supp. 2d 108 (D. Me. 2009).We affirm in part and reverse in part. We affirm thedistrict court's dismissal of all claims other than the plaintiffs'negligence and implied contract claims. We reverse the districtcourt's dismissal of the plaintiffs' negligence and impliedcontract claims as to certain categories of alleged damages becauseplaintiffs' reasonably foreseeable mitigation costs constitute acognizable harm under Maine law.-2-

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