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AM-sln-20(E)

AM-sln-20(E)

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05/09/2014

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Chapter 20Applications of Definite Integrals
141
CHAPTER 20
Exercise 20A (p.225)
1.y
x
x
x
=
\u2212 =
+
\u2212
2
4
2
2
(
)(
)
Wheny=0,x= \u00b12
\u2234The required area=
\u2212
\u2212
=
\u2212
=
\u2212
=
\u2212\u2212
\u2212
\u222b\u222b
(
)
(
)
[
]
x
dx
x dx
xx
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
2
2
4
4
4
3
1023
2.y
x
xy
2
2
44
==
\u2234The required area====
\u2212\u2212
\u2212
\u222b\u222b
ydy
ydy
y
2
4
4
2
4
43
4
4
44
12
1023
[ ]
3.The required area===
\u2212
=
\u2212
\u222b
\u222b
2
2 2
44
2
2
2
2
0
0
sin
sin
[ cos ]
x dx
xdx
x
\u03c0
\u03c0
\u03c0
\u03c0
4.Whenx3\u2212x = 0,
x= \u22121, 0, 1
When\u2212< <
1
0
x
,y>0
When0
1
< <
x
,y<0
\u2234The required area
=
\u2212
\u2212
\u2212
=
\u2212
\u2212
\u2212
=
\u2212
\u2212
\u222b
\u222b
(
)
(
)
[
]
[
]
x
x dx
x
x dx
x
x
x
x
3
1
0
3
01
4
2
1
0
4
2
0
1
4
2
4
2
12
5.By solving the simultaneous equationsy
x
=2a n d
y
x
2=, the points of intersection are (0, 0) and
(1, 1).
\u2234The required area=
\u2212
=
\u2212
=
\u222b(
)
[
]
x x dx
x
x
01
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
13
3
2
6. (a)
y
x
y
x
==
\ue000\ue001\ue002
3
1
4
2
..................( )
................( )
Put (2) into (1),x
x
34
0
\u2212
=
x=0, 2,\u22122
y=0, 8,\u22128
\u2234The coordinates ofA are(, )
2 8.
The coordinates ofB are( ,
)
\u2212 \u2212
2
8.
(b)The required area
=
\u2212
=
\u2212
+
\u2212
=
\u2212
+
\u2212
=
\u2212\u2212
\u2212
\u222b\u222b
\u222b
4
4
4
4
2
2
4
8
3
2
2
3
2
0
3
02
4
2
2
0
2
4
0
2
x x dx
x
x dx
x xdx
x
x
x
x
(
)
(
)
[
]
[
]
7. (a)y
x
x
x
=
+
\u2212
\u2212
(
)(
)(
)
1
2
4
\u2234The coordinates ofA are( , )
\u22121 0.
The coordinates ofB are(, )
2 0.
The coordinates ofC are(, )
4 0.
(b)When\u2212< <
1
2
x
,y>0
When2
4
< <
x
,y<0
\u2234The required area
=
+
\u2212
\u2212
\u2212
+
\u2212
\u2212
=
\u2212
+
+
+
\u2212
+
\u2212
\u2212
=
\u2212
+
+
+
\u2212
+
\u2212
\u2212
\u2212\u2212
\u2212
\u222b
\u222b
\u222b
\u222b
(
)(
)(
)
(
)(
)(
)
(
)
(
)
[
]
[
]
x
x
x
dx
x
x
x
dx
x
x
x
dx
x
x
x
dx
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
1
2
4
1
2
4
5
2
8
5
2
8
4
5
3
8
4
5
3
8
1
2
24
3
2
1
2
3
2
24
4
3
2
1
2
4
3
2
2 44
63
4
16
3
211
12
=
+
=
142
Chapter 20Applications of Definite Integrals
8.
y
O
R
Q
P
x
y2= x
x=4
y=\u22121
A
Putx=4 intoy
x
2=, theny= \u00b12 .
Puty= \u22121 intoy
x
2=, thenx=1.
Therefore the coordinates ofP,Q andR are
P(4,\u22122), Q(1,\u22121) and R(4, 2).
\u2234The required area=
\u2212
=
\u2212
=
\u2212
\u2212
\u222b(
)
[
]
4
4
3
9
2
1
2
3
1
2
y dy
yy
9.Solving the simultaneous equationsx
y
=2a n d
x
y
=
\u2212
8
2, we obtain thaty= \u00b12 .
\u2234The required area=
\u2212
\u2212
=
\u2212
=
\u2212
=
\u2212
\u222b
\u222b
[(
)
]
(
)
[
]
8
4
4
4 4
13
2113
2
2
2
2
2
02
3
0
2
y
y dy
y dy
y
y
10. (a)Solving the simultaneous equations
y
x
x
=
\u2212
4
2a n dy
x
x
=
\u2212
22, we obtain that
x=0or 3.
\u2234The required area
=
\u2212
\u2212
\u2212
=
\u2212
=
\u2212
=
\u222b\u222b
[(
) (
)]
(
)
[
]
4
2
6
2
3
23
9
2
2
03
2
03
2
3
0
3
x x
x
xdx
x
xdx
x
x
(b)The line joining the points of intersection is
y x
=
.
A
x x
x dx
x x dx
x
x
1
2
03
2
03
2
3
0
3
4
3
3
2
13
412
=
\u2212
\u2212
=
\u2212
=
\u2212
=
\u222b\u222b
[(
)
]
(
)
[
]
A2
9 412
412
=
\u2212
=
\u2234A A
1
2
1 1
:
:
=
11. (a)For the curvey
x
2
4
=
,
2
4222
1
1 2
ydy
dx
dy
dx y
dy
dx
====
(, )
Equation of the tangent is
y
x
x y
\u2212 = \u2212
\u2212 + =
2
1
1 0
(b)The required area=
\u2212
\u2212
=
\u2212
+
=
\u222b[
(
)]
[
]
y
y
dy
y
y
y
2
023
2
0
2
4
1
12
2
23
12. (a)The required area
=shaded area
=
\u2212
=
\u2212
=
\u2212
=
\u2212
\u222b
\u222b
(
)
(
)
[
]
at
y
ady
at
y
ady
at y
ay
a t
at
atat
at
2
2
2
2
2
2
02
2
3
0
2
2 3
4
2
4
2
1
12
83
(b)Area of rectangle==
2
2
4
2
2 3
(
)(
)
at
at
a t
shaded area
==
83
2 3
2 3
4
23
a t
a t
area of rectangle
for anyt > 0
13.
[sin
(
) ]
[ cos
(
)]
(
)
x kx
dx
xk x
k
k
\u2212
\u2212
=
\u2212
\u2212
\u2212
=
\u2212\u2212 +
=
= \u2212
\u222b
\u03c0\u03c0
\u03c0
\u03c0
\u03c0
\u03c0
2
0
3
0
3
3
4
3
4
1
1
3
4
6
Chapter 20Applications of Definite Integrals
143
14. (a)dy
dx
x
y
x dx
x
x
C
= \u2212
=
\u2212
=
\u2212
+
\u222b
3 6
3 6
3
32
1
(
)
Since (1, 6) lies on curveC,
6 31 31
6
2
1
1
=
\u2212
+
=
() ()
C
C
Hence the equation of curveC is
y
x
x
= \u2212
+
+
3
3
6
2
.
(b)Wheny=0 ,x=2 or\u22121
When\u2212< <
1
2
x
,y>0
\u2234The required area
=
\u2212
+
+
= \u2212
+
+
=
+
=
\u2212
\u2212
\u222b(
)
[
]
3
3
6
3
2
6
107
2
27
2
2
1
2
3
2
1
2
x
x
dx
x
x
x
15. (a)1
2
+
=
sin
cos
\u03b1
\u03b1(\u03b1 is acute)
1 2
4
5
2
3 0
1 5
3 0
2
2
2
+
+
=
+
\u2212 =
+
\u2212
=
sin
sin
cos
sin
sin
(sin
)( sin
)
\u03b1
\u03b1
\u03b1
\u03b1
\u03b1
\u03b1
\u03b1
sin\u03b1 =35
(Q\u03b1 is acute)
cos\u03b1 =45
(b)The required area
=
+
\u2212
=
\u2212
\u2212
=
+\u2212 +
+
=
+ \u2212
\u222b
\u2212
( sin
cos )
[
cos
sin ]( )
sin ( )
1
2
2
322
452 35
324
35
32
32
1
x
x dx
x
x
x
\u03b1
\u03b1
\u03c0
\u03c0
\u03c0
\u03b1
\u03c0
16.By solvingy
x
=2,y
x
=4andx y
2
4
=
, the points
of intersection are (1, 4), (2 , 2) and (4, 16).
\u2234The required area
=
\u2212
\u2212
=
+
\u2212
\u222b
\u222b
\u222b
4
4
2
4
13
14
2
1
2
2
2
4
2
14
1
2
3
2
4
xdx
x
dx
x dx
x
x
x
[
]
[ ]
[
]
=
+
\u2212
\u2212
\u2212
=
+
=
+
30
424 1364 2 2
14
3
832
237 42
(
)
(
)
(
)
17.
y
O
C
x
A
B
D
A2
A1
y= x2\u22121
x\u2212 y+5 =0
Puty= 0 intoy
x
=
\u2212
21, thenx
x
21 0
1
\u2212 ==
or\u22121
The coordinates ofC andD are (\u22121, 0) and (1, 0)
respectively.
Solving the simultaneous equationsy
x
=
\u2212
21a n d
y
x
= +5, we obtain that the coordinates ofA and
Bare (\u22122, 3) and (3, 8) respectively.
A A
x
x
dx
x
x
dx
x
x
x
1
2
2
2
3
2
2
3
3
2
2
3
5
1
6
3
26
205
6
+
=
+ \u2212
+
=
\u2212
+ +
= \u2212
+
+
=
\u2212\u2212
\u2212
\u222b\u222b
(
)
(
)
[
]
A
x
dx
x
x
2
2
1
1
3
1
11
3
113
= \u2212
\u2212
= \u2212
\u2212
=
\u2212
\u2212
\u222b(
)
[
]
\u2234A1
205
6113
1912
=
\u2212
=

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