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Anatomy questions

Anatomy questions

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10/09/2013

 
CLINICAL ANATOMY for MEDICAL STUDENTSBy SNELL 6
th
editionANATOMY QUESTIONS
Choose the best answer:
P 201 1. The superior boundary of the epiploic foramen:A. free border of the lesser omentum containing the portal triadB. inferior vena cavaC. caudate process of the caudate lobe of the liver D. first portion of the duodenumP 260 2. Less likely to produce ascites:A. hepatic cirrhosisC. gastritisB. cancer of the ovaryD. congestive hear failureP 265 3. Important factor in the production of an ulcer in the anterolateral wall of the first part of the duodenum:A. acid chime squired as the stomach emptiesB. high level of pepsinC. bile secretion after food intakeD. digestive enzymes excreted out by the pancreasP 266 4. Which of the following
does not 
contribute to why the appendix is prone to infection:A. it has a large amount of lymphoid tissue in its wallB. the lumen has a tendency to become obstructed by hardened intestinal contentsC. it is supplied by a long small artery that does not anastomose with any other arteryD. it is a long narrow blind-ended tube which encourages stasis of large bowel contentsP 266 5. Occurring at points where the circular muscle is weakest. Where the blood vessels piercethe muscles, herniation of the lining mucosa through the circular muscle between taeniacoli occurs:A. volvulusB. intussusceptionC. diverticulosisD. achalasiaP 274 6. Which is not true regarding aneurysm of the abdominal aorta:A. usually occur below the origin of the renal arteriesB. majority result from atherosclerosis which weakens the wallC. occur most commonly in elderly womenD. large aneurysms should be surgically excised and replaced with a graftP 274 7. Common cause of colic, EXCEPT:A. compression of the inferior vena cavaB. intestinal obstructionC. passage of gallstone in the biliary ductD. passage of the stone in the ureter P 264 8. Total gastrectomy for gastric cancer does not include the removal of:A. lower end of esophagusC. head of the pancreasB. first part of duodenumD. spleenP 149 9. Herniorrhaphy of an indirect inguinal hernia constitute the repair of the floor of theinguinal canal, the floor is formed by:A. internal obliqueC. lateral umbilical ligamentB. inguinal ligamentD. external obliqueP 834 10. While doing a spinal tap, the spinal needle is inserted in between the:A. L1 and L2 vertebraeC. L3 and L4 vertebraeB. L2 and L3 vertebraeD. L4 and L5 vertebraeP 144 11. The cresenteric inferior border of the posterior rectus sheath:A. Spigelian lineC. semilunar lineB. arcuate line of DouglasD. linea albaP 197 16. Intraperitoneal organ:A. lower third of rectumC. kidneyB. jejunumD. pancreasP 532 19. The femoral ring:A. is the medial opening of the inguinal canalB. is the base of the femoral canalC. forms the medial border of the Hesselbach’s triangleD. contains the spermatic cord1
 
P 638 21. In the neck:A. the anterior rami of the C1-C4 spinal nerves supply the skin antero-laterallyB. the investing layer of the deep cervical fascia forms the stylomandibular ligamentC. the pretracheal fascia is attached superiorly to the hyoid boneD. all of the above are correctP 644 22. Forms the floor of both the submental and the digastric triangle:A. hyoglossusB. thyrohyoidC. mylohyoidD. geniohyoidP 643 23. Surgical procedures at the digastric triangle could possibly injure the following nerves,except:A. vagus nerveC. hypoglossal nerveB. spinal accessory nerveD. glossopharyngeal nerveP 791 24. In doing cricothyroidotomy, hemorrhage can occur from accidental injury to branchesof:A. thyroidea ima arteryC. superior thyroid arteryB. superficial cervical arteryD. external laryngeal arteryP 795 25. In doing stellate ganglion block, the needle of the anesthetic syringe is inserted throughthe skin over the carotid tubercle; this carotid tubercle is a part of:A. cricoid cartilageB. 1
st
ribC. hyoid boneD. 6
th
cervical vertebraP 805 26. Due to the close proximity of their drainages in the nasal cavity, frontal sinusitis nearlyalways involves this sinus:A. maxillaryC. anterior ethmoidalB. posterior ethmoidalD. sphenoidalP 664 27. The trigeminal nerve provides sensory innervation to the face except for a small areawhich is supplied by the:A. zygomaticotemporal nerveC. great auricular nerveB. lesser occipital nerveD. auriculotemporal nerveP 675 28. On its way to the tongue, the chorda tympani:A. passes through the mastoid wall of the tympanic cavityB. enters the infratemporal fossa through the petrotympanic fissureC. join a branch of the posterior division of mandibular nerveD. all of the above are correctP 691 29. In the living subject, the foramen lacerum of the cranial fossa is closed inferiorly bycartilage and fibrous tissue; above this closed inferior opening, foramen lacerumreceives the:A. carotid canalC. foramen cecumB. condylar canalD. inferior orbital fissureP 705 30. The artery supplying the “leg area” of the cerebral cortex:A. is the biggest branch of the internal carotid arteryB. passes in the longitudinal fissure of the cerebrumC. is a component of the circulus arteriosusD. all of the above are correctP 665 32. The sensory nerve supplying the tip of the nose is the distal continuation of the:A. infraorbital nerveC. anterior ethmoidal nerveB. long sphenopalatine nerveD. buccal nerveP 713 33. The following extraocular muscle is supplied by the
most slender cranial nerve:
A. superior obliqueB. superior rectusC. lateral rectusD. noneP 724 34. The retina extends anteriorly as far as the:A. ora serrataB. ciliary processesC. irisD. limbusP 727 35. True regarding the walls of the middle ear:A. the inferior wall transmits a branch from glossopharyngeal nerveB. the roof separates the middle ear from the temporal lobe of cerebrumC. the posterior wall contains the origin of stapediusD. all of the above are correctP 805 37. Epistaxis usually occur upon rupture of the anastomosing branches of:A. greater palatine and sphenopalatine arteriesB. sphenopalatine and superior labial arteriesC. greater palatine and maxillary arteriesD. facial and superior labial arteriesP 747 38. The vestibular ligaments of the larynx represent the inferior margin of the:A. fibroelastic membrane of the larynx C. quadrangular membraneB. cricothyroid ligament D. false vocal cords2
 
P 796 40. Frey’s syndrome is due to damage to the following nerves:A. auriculotemporal and zygomaticotemporalB. zygomaticotemporal and zygomaticofacialC. great auricular and auriculotemporalD. chorda tympani and buccal branch of facial nerveP 236 41. In the pelvic cavity, the ureter turns medially to enter the urinary bladder at the level of:A. greater sciatic foramenC. ischial spineB. sacral promontoryD. upper border of symphysis pubisP 306 42. In the Caldwell-Moloy pelvic classification, a transversely wide pelvis is:A. gynecoidB.platypelloidC. androidD. anthropoidP 317 43. Components of anorectal ring, except:A. internal anal sphincterC. puborectalisB. external anal sphincter (deep part)D. valves of HoustonP 298 44. The following branches of internal iliac artery pass through the greater sciatic foramen,except:A. superior gluteal B. inferior glutealC. internal pudendalD. obturato45. In the pelvic cavity, this structure lies at the apex of the V-shaped root of the sigmoidmesocolon:A. left ureterC. superior rectal arteryB. origin of the internal iliac arteryD. sacral promontoryP 286 46. Boundaries of pelvic inlet, except:A. sacral promontoryB. symphysis pubisC. ischial spineD. arcuate line
Boundaries of Pelvic Inlet:Posteriorly: sacral promontoryLaterally: Iliopectineal linesAnteriorly: Symphysis pubis
P 323 49. Voluntary control of micturition is done at the level of:A. internal urethral meatusC. fossa navicularisB. urogenital diaphragmD. apex of the urinary bladdeP 363 50. The pudendal nerve:A. has 3 major branches in the perineumB. passes out from the pelvic cavity via the lesser sciatic foramenC. enters the perineum via the greater sciatic foramenD. none of the above is correct
This nerve leaves the pelvis through the greater sciatic foramen and enters the perineum through the lesser sciaticforamen.
51. Which of the following components of the respiratory tract wall increase/s in amount fromtrachea to alveoli:A. ciliaB. elastic fibersC. smooth muscleD. cartilage52. The presence of iron deposits in the cytoplasm of which of the following lung cell type is adiagnostic feature of congestive heart failure:A. Goblet cellC. dust cellB. pneumocyte Type IID. Clara cell53. In hypersensitivity reactions, this cell functions as an antigen-presenting cell in the skin:A. keratinocyteB. Langerhans cellC. melanocytesD. Merkels cell54. Which of the following cell types comprises the visceral layer of Bowmann’s capsule affectedin glomerular filtration disorders:A. endothelial cellC. mesangial cellB. juxtaglomerular cellD. podocyte55. Which of the following hormone is most likely affected in hypothalamic tumors:A. ADHB. ACTHC. FSHD. TSHA. aortaC. thoracic ductB. medium sized artery D. vena cava57. Diarrhea may result if which of the following organs fails to carry out its primary role inabsorbing water from the feces:A. anal canalB. colonC. jejenumD. ileum58. Increase aqueous humor of the eye is due to the secretion by:A. ciliary epitheliumC. Schlemms canalB. choriocapillary layerD. corneal endotheliumP 504 59. Contraction of the muscles of the forearm that commonly follows fractures of the distal3

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