in the structure of the stone, and green ones being the result of irradiation.6.Diamond is the hardest naturally occurring substance, and is alsoone of the most valuable natural substances. Diamonds are crystalsformed almost entirely of carbon. Because of its hardness, thediamond is the most enduring of all gemstones. They are among themost costly jewels in the world, partly because they are rare, Onlyfour important diamond fields have been found - in Africa, SouthAmerica, India, and the Soviet Union.7.In 1957, the Shipping port Atomic Power Station in Pennsylvania,the first nuclear facility to generate electricity in the United States,went on line. (It was taken out of service in 1982.)8.In 1982, in the first operation of its kind, doctors at the University of Utah Medical Center implanted a permanent artificial heart in thechest of retired dentist Dr. Barney Clark, who lived 112 days withthe device.9.Mercury is the only metal that is liquid at room temperature.10.Mineral deposits in caves: The ones growing upward arestalagmites, the ones growing downward are stalactites.11.Natural gas has no odor. The smell is added artificially so that leakscan be detected.12.Prussic acid, in a crystalline powder called Zyklon B, was used to killin Germany's gas chambers. The gas would paralyze the victim'slungs, causing them to suffocate.13.Sea water, loaded with mineral salts, weighs about a pound and ahalf more per cubit foot than fresh water at the same temperature.14.Ten per cent of the salt mined in the world each year is used to de-ice the roads in America.15.The air we breathe is 78% nitrogen, 21.5% oxygen, .5% argon andother gases.16.The Chinese were using aluminum to make things as early as 300AD Western civilization didn't rediscover aluminum until 1827.17.The Cullinan Diamond is the largest gem-quality diamond everdiscovered. Found in 1905, the original 3,100 carats were cut tomake jewels for the British Crown Jewels and the British Royalfamily's collection.18.The largest gold nugget ever found weighed 172 lbs., 13 oz.19.The largest hailstone ever recorded was 17.5 inches in diameter -bigger than a basketball.20.The most abundant metal in the Earth's crust is aluminum.21.The only rock that floats in water is pumice.22.The three most common elements in the universe are 1) hydrogen;2) helium; 3) oxygen.23.The United States government keeps its supply of silver at the USMilitary Academy at West Point, NY.
Fun trivia facts.
1.The Earth is the closest planet to the sun to be orbited by a moon2.Theodore Roosevelt was the youngest person ever to be presidentof the United States.3.If the earth were the size of an apple, it would feel as smooth as abilliard ball.4.One horsepower is equal to about 746 watts.5.Presidents Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton were both impeached bythe House and acquitted by the senate.