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Calculation+for+Activated+Sludge+Process

Calculation+for+Activated+Sludge+Process

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Published by: Niong David on Oct 26, 2011
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07/20/2013

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COMPUTATION FOR ACTIVATED SLUDGE PROCESS
Wastewater Flow rate :m
3
/hr=1000m
3
/day
S
o
=600BOD
5
influent
θ
c
=5Mean Cell Residence Time (set, usually 5 - 15 days)Y=0.6Yield Coefficient (assume)k
d
=0.06Decay Constant; assume, Range = 0.04 - 0.075 d
-1
, TypiMLVSS/MLSS=0.75(Assume Ratio)F/M=0.25Food to Microorganism Ratio, range = 0.05 to 1.0MLVSS=4000mg/L
Computation of Effluent BOD
5
:
Assume Biological Solids in Effluent 
:
30mg/L65%is biodegradabl
Biodegradable Portion of Effluent Biological Solids:19.5mg/L
BOD 
L
of cells =1.42 (Biodegradable Portion of Effluent Biological Soild)=27.69mg/LDegradable Fraction of Volatile Suspended Solids (VSS)
0.7 
BOD 
of VSS in Effluent =19.383mg/L1
U = Substrate Utilization R 
UY 
(F/M)E 
E = Process Efficiency, 90 
100 Therefore,
S=1.925926mg/L
Total Effluent BOD
5
=21.30893mg/LComputation of Aerator Tank Volume
50
(1/θ 
+ k 
 ) 
U==0.22
Substrate Concentration, S
 
θ
c
QY (S
o
-S)X(1+k
d
θ
c
)
Compute for Hydraulic Detention Time:
VQQuantity Of Sludge That Must Be Wasted Each Day
P
x
=Y
obs
Q(S
o
-S)
:net waste activated sludge produced each day, kg VSS/day 
obs 
:observed yield, g/1+k 
θ 
P
x
=276.03kg VSS/day
based on Total Suspended Solids:
P
x (SS)
=368.05kg/day
Compute Sludge Wasting Rate:a.if wasting is accomplished from the aeration tank:V
θ
c
=69.00855m
3
/day
b.if wasting is done from the sludge return line:VX
θ
c
X
r
=86.2747m
3
/dayOxygen Requirement
Q(S
o
- S)1 kg
 f  
1000 g1.42 P
x
0.345043
mg/mg 
V==345.0427m
3
=
Q
wr
=
=0.461538
hourskg O
2
/day
=x-
θ
day=8.28102564
Q
wa
=
=
 
=
462.423kg O
2
/day
F/M=0.434729
Volume of Air Required, assume air contains, 23.2% O
2
by weightTheo. Air Rate=1659.619m
3
/dayDetermine Actual Air Requirement assuming 8% oxygen transfer efficiency:=20745.24m
3
/day
=14.40642m
3
 /min
=28.81283m
3
/min
=34.6042106kg/min
Power required to meet oxygen requirement requirement, assume transfer rate is 0.8 kg=24.08453kWDesign Air Requirement

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