I) Computer Networks - 3 - 40
II) Database Management System - 41 - 82
III) Operating System - 83 - 129
IV) Object Oriented Programming - 130 - 177
V) Data Structures and Algorithms - 178 - 216
VI) \u2018C\u2019 Code Snippets \u2013 217 - 230
i) Introduction to Network and Physical Layer \u2013 Nigitha S J
ii) Data Link Layer and Medium Access Control Sublayer
-- Jeevan Prakaash D
iii) Network Layer and Transport Layer \u2013 Sameera S, Gohila G
iv) Application Layer & Network Security \u2013Raghu shankar R
v) TCP/IP - Sree Vidhya B
1] In Simplex mode, the communication is unidirectional. Only one of the two
stations on a link can transmit, the other can only receive.
2] In Half-duplex, each station can both transmit and receive, but not at the same
3] In Full-duplex mode, both stations can transmit and receive simultaneously.
To use connection-oriented service, the user first establishes a connection, uses the
connection and then releases the connection. The sender sends the data in one end, and
the receiver takes them out in the same order at the other end.
In connectionless service, each message carries the full destination address and each
one is routed through the system independent of all the others. Here the Order of injection
is not same as order of delivery.
A device used in a network to strengthen a signal as it is passed along the network
cable . It works at the Physical Layer of the OSI model.
A device that receives, amplifies, and retransmits a signal. Consists of a transceiver
(transmitter and receiver). It is used to boost signal levels to extend the system distance .
A communications device between networks that determines the best path between them
for optimal performance. Routers are used in complex networks of networks such as
enterprise-wide networks and the Internet.
1] It transmits a bit stream over a physical medium.
2] It defines the characteristics of the interface between the devices and the
3] It also defines the type of transmission medium.
4] It defines the direction of transmission between two devices i,e; transmission
Physical Layer is one of the network support layers.
Physical Layer is reliable bit pipe.
Physical Layer -the first layer of the OSI model, responsible for the mechanical and
electrical specifications of the medium.
The functions of Data Link Layer are to provide
1) Well define interface with Network layer
2) Deal transmission errors
3) Regulate the flow of Data
The Data link layer takes the packets it gets from the network layer and
encapsulates them into frames. Each frame consists of
1) Frame Header
2) Payload Field ( for holding the packet)
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