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MCQ Sample

MCQ Sample

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Published by: api-26291651 on Oct 17, 2008
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03/18/2014

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7.1Which of the following statements are correct?
1
A
Flumazenil is a benzodiazepine agonist
1
B
Flumazenil is a benzodiazepine antagonist
1
C
Benzodiazepines are commonly used anxiolytic drugs
1
D
Benzodiazepines may be used in the treatment of epilepsy
1
E
Carbamazepine is a benzodiazepine
7.2Which of the following statements are correct?
1
A
Lidocaine 0.2% with 1:80 000 adrenaline (epinephrine) is a commonlyused dental local anaesthetic
1
B
Lidocaine has a longer lasting anaesthetic effect than bupivacaine
1
C
Plain lidocaine provides more pronounced dental anaesthesia thanlidocaine with adrenaline
1
D
Prilocaine 3% with 0.03 IU/ml felypressin is a commonly used dentallocal anaesthetic
1
E
Lidocaine must be stored at 4 °C
7.3Which of the following statements are correct?
1
A
 A 2.2 ml cartridge of 2% lidocaine and 1:80 000 adrenaline contains 4.4mg of lidocaine
1
B
Lidocaine and prilocaine contain an ester group
1
C
Esters are less likely to cause allergic reactions than amides
1
D
 Amide local anaesthetics are metabolised by the liver
1
E
Prilocaine has a much higher toxicity than lidocaine
133THERAPEUTICS
 
7.1BCD
Benzodiazepines are central nervous system depressants and act as sedatives,hypnotics, anxiolytics and anti-convulsants. Flumazenil is a benzodiazepineantagonist, commonly used to reverse the action of midazolam. Although having aname that sounds similar to benzodiazepine, carbamazepine is not abenzodiazepine.
7.2D
Lidocaine 2% with 1:80 000 adrenaline is a commonly used dental local anaesthetic.It has a more pronounced effect than lidocaine alone as adrenaline causesvasoconstriction, which prevents the solution dispersing away from the site of action.Bupivacaine is a longer lasting local anaesthetic than lidocaine.
7.3D
 A 2% solution will contain 20 mg/ml, so a 2.2 ml cartridge contains 44 mg of lidocaine. Lidocaine and prilocaine contain an amide group, and as such are lesslikely to cause an allergic reaction than an ester-containing local anaesthetic.Lidocaine has higher toxicity than prilocaine.
134MCQS FOR DENTISTRY
 
7.4Which of the following drugs interact with warfarin and may increasea patient’s international normalised ratio (INR)?
1
A
Fluconazole
1
B
Vitamin K 
1
C
Metronidazole
1
D
Erythromycin
1
E
Oral contraceptives
7.5Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are best avoided in:
1
A
Patients with a history of gastric bleeding
1
B
 Asthmatic patients
1
C
Patients who are hypersensitive to aspirin
1
D
Children under the age of 6 years due to the possibility of Reye’ssyndrome
1
E
Patients on paracetamol
7.6Penicillins:
1
A
 Are the antibiotic of choice for anaerobic infections
1
B
Interfere with bacterial cell wall synthesis
1
C
 Are bacteriocidal
1
D
 Are antagonistic to tetracycline
1
E
Rarely cause allergic reactions
135THERAPEUTICS

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