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Chapter 1 Thesis Revised

Chapter 1 Thesis Revised



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Chapter 1
Chapter 1

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Published by: api-3806773 on Oct 17, 2008
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Microcontroller based SMS Micro E-loadVending machineA Thesis Topic ProposalPresented to the Faculty of theDepartment of Electronics & Communications EngineeringCollege of Engineering, De La Salle UniversityIn Partial Fulfillment of The Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Science in Electronics and Communications EngineeringByCu, Joshua C.Uy, Jeckson T.August, 2006
1.1.Background of the Study
Presently, there has been a world-wide spread use of cellular phones. Cellular communication plays an important role in our daily life. It helps us locate and be in touchwith another person in a remote location. Since the Philippines being a developingcountry 33% of our population is under poverty (Senate Economic Planning Office,2005). Wireless Telecommunications Company offered prepaid loading option that ishighly suitable in the Philippine setting. Subscribers purchase consumable credits for their account in preset denominations. These gave subscribers limited option to choosethe amount they will load up.Then in 2003, telecommunication companies addressed that problem by launchinga nation-wide auto reloading stations through a retailer SIM card that vendors can use to pass an amount of load as specified by the subscriber starting at an appreciable amount of money with an increment of one peso. This new prepaid loading service was introducedto capture the interest of budget minded Filipinos or blue collared employees that prefersto load up in smaller denomination. It is difficult for these people to purchase prepaidloads amounting to hundreds of pesos in one transaction because of their daily budget.That is why people are in a day-to-day basis of buying prepaid loads and a wide-spread of auto loading services nationwide. Subscribers can reload from a minimum of P25 up to a2
thousand with a P1 denomination. Business people are attracted to this service because itis a low investment business which a person can manage on his/her own.
1.2.Statement of the Problem
The current process of e-load reloading is typing the password, recipient’s phonenumber and the amount of prepaid credit. A mere “0” added to the amount could lead toan enormous loss of income. There will be no means to cancel the transaction once it has been sent. Considering that the earnings are small, any mistakes made are devastating.That’s why it is very important to encode the proper amount and number to the GSMdevice. A prepaid load can also not be delivered properly when the vendor themselvescommits mistake in encoding the recipient’s number. Telecommunication companies arenot liable to the mistakes done by the retailer. That’s why there is a need to eliminate thecause of this error.There is a need to automate the current auto loading system implemented here inthe Philippines. As seen in most stores, the prepaid auto reloading services are being donemanually with the vendor using his/her cellular phone to make the transaction.Considering that the transaction is being processed manually, there is the chance for theseller to commit unwanted mistakes, mistakes which could lead to money loss or the lossof income. To avoid these unnecessary mistakes, there is a need to automate (“interview”,2006).3

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