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AT, or Hayes commands were originally designed by Hayes Microsystems for modem control (Hayes Microsystems 2005). A standard for GSM phones was developed which includes commands to access information such as phone book entries, call logs and SMS messages.
AT commands were designed to control a modem from a PC, and when communicating with a mobile phone, the phone\u2019s internal logic receives and parses the commands. AT commands were originally designed in the early 1980s, by Hayes Microsystems, and were taken up by other manufacturers as a standard for modem control (Durda 2004). We can use the commands described in most AT commands references to use data connections. Most communications applications, however, have a user-friendly interface that hides these AT commands from the users. The original AT command set consisted of commands for dialing, answering and controlling the ways in which data is transferred, the ETSI TS 27.007 and TS 27.005 specifications add the ability to access the phonebook, call logs and SMS messages stored in a GSM phone (ETSI 2004b, ETSI 2005). The AT commands specified in the TS 27.007 and TS 27.005 standards theoretically provide access to a large amount of information available in GSM phones and SIM cards (ETSI 2004b, ETSI 2005). Whether these additional commands
Communication via AT commands takes the form of a command response protocol. Over a serial connection, the client sends a command followed by a carriage return character, and optionally with a new line character, and receives a formatted response. Examples of AT command communication can be seen in the figures below this subchapter.
The command AT+CGSN is a request for the phone\u2019s IMEI. The phone also echoes the command which was sent to it; this is not shown in any of the examples in this Chapter. In all of the figures in this Chapter, the symbol \u2018\n\u2019 refers to a new line character, and the symbol \u2018\r\u2019 refers to a carriage return character.
Most data obtainable via AT commands will require the user to be verified to the SIM card and / or phone. The figure below shows the GSM device denying access to information as the SIM PIN has not been entered. Note that all of the testing procedures were done using a GSM device connected to a PC via data cable using HyperTerminal.
In general AT commands can have these following information such as the following are present in GSM phones, which are: manufacturer, model, and version information, International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI), SIM card\u2019s International Mobile Subscriber Identity(IMSI), phone book entries, call log entries, sent and received SMS messages (ETSI 2005).
The letter <n> used in a command syntax is the setting value typed in as a part of the command. If the value is optional it is enclosed in square brackets. Setting values for the commands are presented below under the description of the command. When you select a setting value with an AT command, the setting is valid until you change it. The functionality of a particular command form is
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