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OPD Crowd Control and Crowd Management Policy

OPD Crowd Control and Crowd Management Policy

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OPD Crowd Control Policy
OPD Crowd Control Policy

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Published by: rwj216 on Oct 26, 2011
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“Department Training Bulletins shall be used to advise members of current police techniques and proceduresand shall constitute official policy.” Department General Order A—7; 21 July 1989
Date of Issue / Revision:28 Oct 05Index Number: III–GAlpha Index: Crowd Controland Crowd ManagementThe purpose of this Training Bulletin is to set forth policy and procedures regardingcrowd management and crowd control.
I. Policy
The Oakland Police Department crowd management and crowd control policy is toapply the appropriate level of direction and control to protect life, property, and vitalfacilities;maintain public peace and order; anduphold constitutional rights of free speech and assembly while relying on the mini-mum use of physical force and authority required to address a crowd management orcrowd control issue.
OPDCrowd Control and Crowd Management Policy
Crowd Control and Crowd Management, Index No. III–G2
II. Definitions
A.Crowd Management
Crowd management is defined as techniques used to manage lawful public assemblies before,during, and after an event for the purpose of maintaining the event’s lawful status. Crowd man-agement can be accomplished in part through coordination with event planners and group lead-ers, permit monitoring, and past event critiques.
B.Crowd Control
Crowd control is defined as those techniques used to address unlawful public assemblies, includ-ing a display of formidable numbers of police officers, crowd containment, dispersal tactics, andarrest procedures.
C.First Amendment Activities
First Amendment activities include all forms of speech and expressive conduct used to conveyideas and/or information, express grievances, or otherwise communicate with others and includeboth verbal and non-verbal expression.Common First Amendment activities include, but are not limited to, speeches, demonstrations,vigils, picketing, distribution of literature, displaying banners or signs, use of puppets to convey amessage, street theater, and other artistic forms of expression. All these activities involve thefreedom of speech, association, and assembly and the right to petition the government, as guaran-teed by the United States Constitution (First Amendment) and the California Constitution(Article 1, Sections 2 & 3).All persons have the right to march, demonstrate, protest, rally, or perform other activities pro-tected by the First Amendment of the United States Constitution and the California Constitution.The government may impose reasonable restrictions on the time, place, or manner of protectedspeech, provided the restrictions are justified without reference to the content of the regulatedspeech, that they are narrowly tailored to serve a significant governmental interest, and that theyleave open ample alternative channels for communication of the information.
Demonstration is used generically in this Training Bulletin to include a wide range of FirstAmendment activities which require, or which may require, police traffic control, crowd manage-ment, crowd control, crowd dispersal, or enforcement actions in a crowd situation.As used in this Training Bulletin, the term, demonstration, means a public display of a group’s orindividual’s feeling(s) toward a person(s), idea, cause, etc and includes, but is not limited to,marches, protests, student walk-outs, assemblies, and sit-ins. Such events and activities usuallyattract a crowd of persons including participants, onlookers, observers, media, and other personswho may disagree with the point of view of the activity.
Oakland Police Department, 28 Oct 053
E.Crowd Event orCrowd Situation
This Training Bulletin covers all crowd events or crowd situations, including sporting events, fes-tivals, concerts, celebratory crowds, and demonstrations as defined above.
III.General Principles
The Oakland Police Department’s Crowd Management/Crowd Control Policy consists of thegeneral principles discussed below.
1.Command staff shall be notified immediately of large or potentially disruptive demonstra-tions and/or crowd events.2.The Incident Commander shall be responsible for the development of a written operationsplan.3.The Incident Command System shall be used for managing crowds and acts of civil disobe-dience.4.OPD shall make every effort to follow the principle of establishing contact and communica-tion with the event or demonstration planners.Stakeholder involvement is critical to the overall success of managing crowd events and/orcivil disobedience during demonstrations. If knowledge exists that a demonstration or crowdevent may happen or will happen, OPD shall proactively and repeatedly make every reason-able attempt to establish and to maintain communication and cooperation with representa-tives or leaders of the demonstration or crowd event, without regard to whether a permit hasbeen applied for or issued.When planning for and responding to demonstrations, crowd events, and civil disobediencesituations, Incident Commanders assigned to these incidents shall facilitate the involvementof stakeholders. If and when communication is established, personnel shall make every effortto identify representatives or leaders of the event and identify a primary police liaison. Theprimary police liaison should be requested to be in continuous contact with an assignedpolice representative, preferably the Incident Commander or someone with continuousaccess to the Incident Commander.Agroup’s failure to respond to OPD attempts to establish communication and cooperationprior to a demonstration shall not mitigate OPD’s efforts to establish liaison and positivecommunication with the group as early as possible at the scene of the demonstration orcrowd event.

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