Ideology; and John Randolph, though he was, fourteen years ago, as wild an enthusiast forequality and fraternity as any of them, appears to be now a regenerated proselyte to Napoleon'sopinion an
d mind, that it was all madness….
"... Inequalities of mind and body are so established by God Almighty, in His constitution of human nature, that no art or policy can ever plane them down to a level. I have never readreasoning more absurd, sophistry more gross, in proof of the Athanasian creed, orTransubstantiation, than the subtle labors of Helvetius and Rousseau, to demonstrate the naturalequality of mankind.
, the golden rule, do as you would be done by, is all the equalitythat can be supported or defended by reason, or reconciled to common sense...."... When the French assembly of notables met, and I saw that Turgot's 'government is onecentre, and that centre the nation', a sentence as mysterious or as contradictory as the Athanasiancreed, was about to take place, and when I saw that Shay's rebellion was breaking out inMassachusetts, and when I saw that even my obscure name was often quoted in France as anadvocate for simple democracy, and when I saw that the sympathies in America had caught theFrench flame, I was determined to wash my hands as clean as I could of all this foulness...." (1)Of course Jefferson was not persuaded by Adams. In his March, 14, 1820 letter to Adams,Jefferson praised the leading Ideologue, Destutt de Tracy, the man who called his science of ideas, Ideologie, as one of the "ablest metaphysicians living." Jefferson included Tracy'sIdeology in an outline of a college curriculum he sent to Peter Carr in 1814. Ideology wasincluded in the curriculum finally established at the University of Virginia in 1824:I. Latin and Greek, higher grade, Hebrew, Rhetoric, Belles Lettres, AncientHistory, Ancient Geography.II. French, Italian, Spanish, German, English (Anglo-Saxon), Modern History,Modern Geography.III. Higher Numerical Arithmetic, Algebra, Trigonometry, Plane and SphericalGeometry, Mensuration, Navigation, Conic Sections, Fluxions, or Differentials,Military and Civil Architecture.IV. Mechanics, Statics, Hydrostatics, Hydraulics, Pneumatics, Acoustics, Optics,Astronomy, Law and properties of bodies.V. Chemistry, Mineralogy, Geology, Rural Economy, Botany, Zoology.VI. Anatomy, Surgery, History of Medicine, Physiology, Pathology, Materiamedica, Pharmacy.VII. Mental Science, Ideology, General Grammar, Logic, Ethics.