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Cp Toxoplasmosis Dr

Cp Toxoplasmosis Dr

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Published by: api-3701995 on Oct 17, 2008
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03/18/2014

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TOXOPLASMOSIS
Prof. Dr. Omar J. Palmieri
DEFINICI\u00d3N
Zoonosis parasitaria provocada por Toxoplasma gondii que afecta
al hombre, mam\u00edferos y aves
Produce infecci\u00f3n o enfermedad:aguda o cr\u00f3nica
sintom\u00e1tica o asintom\u00e1tica
cong\u00e9nita o adquirida
Afecta a:
inmunocompetentes o inmunodeficientes
CICLO BIOL\u00d3GICO

El ooquiste, mide de 10 x 12 \u00b5m, ovoide, se elimina con la materia fecal
del gato, esporula en 2 a 10 d\u00edas (2 esporoquistes con 4 esporozo\u00edtos cada
uno), resistentes al medio exterior y desinfectantes comunes.

Al ingerirlos se transforman en trofozo\u00edtos: Toxoplasma gondii (taxon =
arco yplasma = algo con forma) mide de 2 a 4 x 6 a 7 \u00b5m.
En la c\u00e9lula se multiplican aceleradamente,ta quizo \u00edto s y formanpseud o -
quistes.
Si el ritmo de reproducci\u00f3n es lento,b ra d izo\u00edt os, se forman losq uistes
h\u00edsticos (pared propia) de 10 a 200 \u00b5m (cerebro, retina, miocardio,
m\u00fasculos). Resistentes al jugo g\u00e1strico. Se destruyen a 61\u00b0 C y a -20\u00b0 C
en 24 h seguido de calor.

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