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Surya Siddhanta Overview© 2011

Surya Siddhanta Overview© 2011

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Published by Kedar Jonnalagadda
[sUrya siddhAnta] is one of the earliest [siddhAntas] in ancient astronomy of the Hindus. Sri. Bapu Deva Shastri translated this in 1861. In less than 100 pages it describes astronomy theories, principles and methods!

The complete contents of the book is given below.

The most significant features of the document are

1. The acknowledgement that an [asura] called [maya] imparted the knowledge of "astronomy" to Hindus that worship [deva].
2. The [asura] were residents of the "nether world" which is opposite side the world of the [deva].
3. There are mentions of northern and southern hemispheres and that there is no up and down for the globe.

The ancient civilizations of the world can generically classified as th Northern civilizations of which Hindu and India is a part. History tells us that Americas were discovered recently. And in the South and Meso America were great ancient civilizations of the Maya. Geographically the Hindu civilization and India are more orless diametrically opposite sides of the globe.

Comparative study of the two well known ancient civilizations however practically non existent. And there is need for diligent study.
[sUrya siddhAnta] is one of the earliest [siddhAntas] in ancient astronomy of the Hindus. Sri. Bapu Deva Shastri translated this in 1861. In less than 100 pages it describes astronomy theories, principles and methods!

The complete contents of the book is given below.

The most significant features of the document are

1. The acknowledgement that an [asura] called [maya] imparted the knowledge of "astronomy" to Hindus that worship [deva].
2. The [asura] were residents of the "nether world" which is opposite side the world of the [deva].
3. There are mentions of northern and southern hemispheres and that there is no up and down for the globe.

The ancient civilizations of the world can generically classified as th Northern civilizations of which Hindu and India is a part. History tells us that Americas were discovered recently. And in the South and Meso America were great ancient civilizations of the Maya. Geographically the Hindu civilization and India are more orless diametrically opposite sides of the globe.

Comparative study of the two well known ancient civilizations however practically non existent. And there is need for diligent study.

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Published by: Kedar Jonnalagadda on Oct 27, 2011
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Surya Siddhanta Overview© 2011©Kedarnath Jonnalagadda 2011 - smartxpark@yahoo.com[sUrya siddhAnta] is one of the earliest [siddhAntas] in archeo astronomy of Hindus. Sri. Bapu Deva Shastri translated this in 1861. In less than 100 pages itdescribes the archeo astronomy theories, principles and methods!Significant sections are...1.10. Kinds of time...5...1.11. [pala] and [ghaTika]...5...1.12. Day and Month...5...1.13. The Lunar and Solar month and the Divine Day...5...1.14. Length of the year of Gods and Demons...6...1.15. &1.16. The Length of a great [yuga]...6...The length of the four small [yuga]...6...1.17. The length of a period called [manu] and its [sandhi]...6...1.18. The length of a [kalpa]...7...1.19. The lengths of a day and night of the God [brahma]...7...1.20. The period of his life and that of his passed age...7...1.26. How the planets move eastwards...7...1.27. [bhagaNa] or a sidereal revolution...8...1.56. An easy method for finding the mean place of the planets....13...1.59. The length of the Earth's diameter and its circumference....13...1.60. The rectified circumference of the Earth and [deshAntara] correction inminutes...14...1.62. Middle Lines of the Earth...14...1.63,1.63 and 1.65 To find the terrestrial longitude of a place....14...1.66. To find the instant when a day of the week begins...15CHAPTER VI.-On the projection of Solar and Lunar Eclipses, ... ... 52...55...6.1. Object...55...6.2. To describe the circle in which the [valaNa] is to be marked...55...6.3. The other two circles concentric with the first...55...6.22. To find the direction of the end of end of total darkness...58...6.23, The colour of the eclipsed portion of the moon...58...12.42. There is no equinoctial shadow at the equator....83...12.43. The position of the polar stars...83...12.44. The beginning of the day to the Gods and the [asura]...84...Northern hemisphere - Sun appears at first point in Aries....84...Southern hemisphere first point in Libra...84...12.48.Aries, Taurus, Gemini...84...Cancer... second half of the day...84...Asuras - Libra...Capricorn......84...12.50. Answers to question in 4th [shloka]...84...There is no above and below....85...12.55. Parallel and Right spheres...85...Starry sphere -right to left and left to right for [asura]...85...At equator always east to west -same night and day length...85The complete contents of the book is given below.The most significant features of the document are1. The acknowledgement that an [asura] called [maya] was first imparted the knowledge of "astronomy.
 
2. The [asura] were residents of the "nether world" which is opposite side the world of the [deva].3. There are mentions of northern and southern hemispheres and that there is noup and down for the globe.The ancient civilizations of the world can generically classified as th Northerncivilizations of which Hindu and India is a part. History tells us that Americas were discovered recently. And in the South and Meso America were great ancient civilizations of the Maya. Geographically the Hindu civilization and India aremore orless diametrically opposite sides of the globe.Comparative study of the two well known ancient civiizations however practicallynon existent. And there is need for diligent study.========Bookmarked-Surya Siddhanta©©Kedarnath Jonnalagadda 2011(This ebook - PDF is in CreativePDF© format to enhance readability of Bharath Heritage Documents)Books without Bookmarks are as good as as Bookmarks without BooksA TRANSLATION OF THE SURYA SIDDHANTABY BAPU DEVA SASTRI & OF THE SIDDHANTA SHIROMANIBY THE LATE LANCELOT WILKINSON ESQ., C.S.REVISED BY BAPU DEVA SASTRI FROM THE SANSKRITCALCUTTA, PRINTED BY C.B.LEWIS. AT THE BAPTIST MISSION CHURCH PRESS1861Title Page...1TRANSLATION OF THE SURYA SIDDHANTA...2CONTENTS. (overview page)...3CHAPTER I.-Called MADHYA-GATI which treats of the Rules for finding the mean places of the planets, ... ... 1...4...1.1 Invocation...4...1.2 &1.3 Introductory...4...1.10. Kinds of time...5...1.11. [pala] and [ghaTika]...5...1.12. Day and Month...5...1.13. The Lunar and Solar month and the Divine Day...5...1.14. Length of the year of Gods and Demons...6...1.15. &1.16. The Length of a great [yuga]...6...The length of the four small [yuga]...6...1.17. The length of a period called [manu] and its [sandhi]...6...1.18. The length of a [kalpa]...7...1.19. The lengths of a day and night of the God [brahma]...7...1.20. The period of his life and that of his passed age...7...1.26. How the planets move eastwards...7...1.27. [bhagaNa] or a sidereal revolution...8...1.28. The circular measures...8...1.29. The number of revolutions of the Sun, Mercury, Venus, and the [shIghrocCa] of Mars, Saturn, and Jupiter...8...1.30. Of Moon and Mars...8...1.31. Of Mercuryâ

s [shIgrocCa] and Jupiter...8...1.32. Of Venus,'s [shIgrocCa] and Jupiter...9...1.33. Of Moon's Apogee and Node...9...1.34. Number of sidereal revolutions and the mode finding the number of risings of the planets in a [yuga]...9
 
...1.35.The mode of finding the No. of Lunar months and that of the Additive months in a [yuga]...9...1.36. The mode of finding the No. of subtractive days in a [yuga] and the definition of a terrestrial day....9...1.37. No. of terrestrial and lunar days...9...1.38. No of additive months and that of subtractive days...9...1.39. No. of Solar months in a [yuga] and the way to know the number of terrestrial days....10...1.41. &1.42. No.of Revolutions of the Apogees of the planets....10...1.45,1.46 &1.47. The number of Solar years elapsed from the time when planetary motions commenced to the end of the last [kRutA yuga]...10...1.48. To find the [ahargaNa] or the number of terrestrial days from the timethe planetary motions commenced to the present mid-night....10...1.51 To find the Ruler of the present day....12...1.52. To find the ruler of the present terrestrial month and year....12...1.53. To find the mean place of the planets at a given midnight at [la~ggka]...12...1.54. To find the place of the [shIgrocCa], apogees and nodes of the planets...13...1.55. To find the present [samvatsara]...13...1.56. An easy method for finding the mean place of the planets....13...1.59. The length of the Earth's diameter and its circumference....13...1.60. The rectified circumference of the Earth and [deshAntara] correction inminutes...14...1.62. Middle Lines of the Earth...14...1.63,1.63 and 1.65 To find the terrestrial longitude of a place....14...1.66. To find the instant when a day of the week begins...15...1.67. To find the mean place of a planet ay a given time,...15...End of Chapter I [madhyA-gati]...15CHAPTER II.- Called SPHUTA-GATI which treats of the Rules for finding the true places of the planets, ... ... 13...16...2.01 Causes of planetary motion....16...2.12 Kinds of Motion...17...2.15 The Rule for finding the sines for 3 3/4 in a quadrant of the circle whose radius is 3438....18...2.16 - -24 ***BASE 20! OF SOUTH AND MESO AMERICAS?...18...2.17. - 2,22, The sines...19...2.23 to 2.27.The versed sines...19...2.31. To find the sine of the given degrees &c....20...2.33 Given the sine to find its arc....20...2.34. Dimensions of the I st epicycles of the Sun and Moon in degrees of thedifferent or concentric...20...2.35. Dimensions of the I epicycle of the Mars &c., in degrees of the concentric....21...2.36. Dimensions of the 2nd epicycle of Mars &c....21...2.38 Given the [kendra] of a planet, to find the dimensions of the rectifiedperiphery of the epicycle...21...2.39 Given the first or second [kendra] of a planet, to find the 1s or 2nd [bhuja phala] and [koThi phala] and the 1st equation of the planet...21...2.40. To Find the second equation of the minor planets Mars &c....22...2.43. To find the true place of the sun, the Moon and other Planets...22...2.45. How the 1st and second equations of the planets are to be applied...23...2.46. The [bhujAntara] correction in minutes...23...2.48. Find the true diurnal motions of the Sun and Moon and [manda-sphUTa] motions of the others...24...2.50. To find the true diurnal motion of a minor planet...24...2.52. The cause of the regression of the planets...25...2.53. &54 When the planets began to retrograde and when they leave their regression...25...2.56. To find the latitude of a planet...25

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