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16 Tenses in English

16 Tenses in English

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Published by: Awu LupVa on Oct 27, 2011
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16 Tenses In English
CHAPTER IPRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
1.1 THE USE OF PRESENT CONTINOUS TENSE
We use
The Present Continuous Tense
 
when we talk about something whichis happening at the time of speaking.
Example :
Please don’t make so much noise. I’m studying.
We also use
The Present Continuous Tense
 
when we talk about somethingwhich is happening around the time of speaking, but not necessarily exactly atthe time of speaking.
Example : Silvia is learning English at the moment. We often use
the Present Continuous
 
when we talk about a period around thepresent.
Example :You’re working hard today. Yes, I have a lot of to doWe use
the present continuous
 
when we talk about the changing situation.
Example :The population without jobs is increasing very fast.1.2. THE ADVERBS OF TIME USEDThe adverbs of time used in Present Continous tense are “NOW, RIGHT NOW,TOMORROW,ETC1.3.
THE PATTERN OF PRESENT CONTINOUS TENSE
The patterns of Present continous tense consist of :1.3.A. Positive PatternS + am/is/are + Verb 4…………………………………………….NowS + sedang + 4……………………………………..sekarang Examples :1.I am studying English now.2.We are going to Jakarta tomorrow (akan)3.You are singing now.4.He is making a cake now.5.she is sewing a shirt now.
Communicative English Course
1
 
16 Tenses In English
6.They are playing football in the field now.7.Tom and Ani are doing their homework tomorrow.8.The students are doing sport now.1.3.b The Negative Pattern S + am/is/are + Not + Verb 4…………………………………… NowS + tidak sedang + 4 …………………………………….sekarangExample :1.I am not studying now2.He is not sleeping now3.My father is not watching television now.4.we aren’t going to Jakarta Tomorrow.1.3.c. The Interrogative PatternAm/Is/Are + S + Verb 4…………………………………………..Now?Apakah + S + sedang + 4…………………………sekarang ?Examples :1.Are you studying English now ? Yes, I am/ No, I am not2.Is he eating fried rice now? Yes, he is/ No, he isn’t3.Is your father working in the office now? Yes, He is/No, He isn’t1.3.d. Qusetion-word PatternQW + Am/Is/Are + S + Verb 4…………………………………...Now?QW + yang + S + 4……………………………………..sekarang?Examples :1.what are you doing now ? studying2.Where is he studying English now ? at school EXERCISE I : Translate these sentences into English.1.Jack sedang tidur sekarang2.Mary sedang mengerjakan tugas itu3.Kami sedang menonton sebuah film di televisi4.Mereka sedang bermain bola di halaman sekarang5.Guru itu sedang menerangkan pelajaran itu.6.Perusahaan itu sedang tumbuh dengan pesat sekarang.7.Harga saham di bursa Efek Jakarta sedang naik sekarang8.Pak Adi sedang mengajar bahasa Inggris di kampus sekarang9.Polisi tersebut sedang mencari Ali sekarang.10.Ana, Ani, dan Tom sedang berdiskusi sekarang.
Communicative English Course
2
 
16 Tenses In English
EXERCISE 2 : Change the following sentences into (+), (-), and (?)
1.They are speaking English now.2.We are not reading now.3.Is your mother frying rice now? No, she isn’t.4.What is your father looking at now ? a picture.5.He is watching “Plan to kill” on TV now.6.The teacher is not explaining tenses to the students now.7.Is Maradona playing football in Argentina Now?
EXERCISE 3 : Write questions by using question words based on theunderlined words in the following sentences.1
. John is eating a plate of rice in the dining room now.2. The cat is eating fried chicken in the kitchen now.3. Tom and Jerry are quarrelling about food now.4. My father is teaching Biology at school now
.EXERCISE 4 : Answer the following questions with your own words.
1.Are you studying English now ?2.Is your father reading a newspaper now?3.Is your mother sewing a shirt now?4.Are They singing a song at home now?5.Is Mr.Adi teaching English at school now?6.What is your mother doing now?7.What is your brother doing now?
EXERCISE 5 : Write sentences by using the following verbs
Writing, speaking, sewing, growing, discussing, doing, hunting,eating, drinking,dancing, singing, making, building, teaching, explaining, talking, watching,shopping, sleeping, typing, driving, riding, training, working
Communicative English Course
3

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