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Nghien Cuu Cong Nghe Truyen Thoai Qua Internet Tren Giao Thuc TCP-IP (VOIP)

Nghien Cuu Cong Nghe Truyen Thoai Qua Internet Tren Giao Thuc TCP-IP (VOIP)

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Published by api-26943302
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Published by: api-26943302 on Oct 17, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/18/2014

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\u0110\u1ea0I H\u1eccC QU\u1ed0C GIA H\u00c0 N\u1ed8I
TR\u01af\u1edcNG\u0110\u1ea0I H\u1eccC C\u00d4NG NGH\u1ec6
-----\ue001\ue000\ue002-----
B\u00f9i xu\u00e2n H\u1ea1nh
NGHI\u00caN C\u1ee8U C\u00d4NG NGH\u1ec6 TRUY\u1ec0N THO\u1ea0I QUA
INTERNET S\u1eec D\u1ee4NG GIAO TH\u1ee8C TCP/IP (VOIP)
KHO\u00c1 LU\u1eacN T\u1ed0T NGHI\u1ec6P\u0110\u1ea0I H\u1eccC H\u1ec6 CH\u00cdNH QUY
Ng\u00e0nh:\u0110i\u1ec7n T\u1eed Vi\u1ec5n Th\u00f4ng
C\u00e1n b\u1ed9 h\u01b0\u1edbng d\u1eabn: TS. Ng\u00f4 Th\u00e1i Tr\u1ecb
H\u00e0 n\u1ed9i - 2005
CH\u01af\u01a0NG 1
GIAO TH\u1ee8C TCP/IP
1.1. M\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 kh\u00e1i ni\u1ec7m c\u1ee7a m\u1ea1ng TCP/IP.................................................2
1.2. C\u00e1c th\u00e0nh ph\u1ea7n v\u1eadt l\u00fd c\u1ee7a m\u1ea1ng TCP/IP.........................................3

1.2.1. C\u00e1c thi\u1ebft b\u1ecb t\u00ednh to\u00e1n (Computing devices)................................ 3 1.2.2.\u0110 \u01b0 \u1eddng truy\u1ec1n............................................................................ 3 1.2.3. C\u00e1c b\u1ed9 giao ti\u1ebfp m\u1ea1ng (NIC-Network Interface Card)............... 3 1.2.4. B\u1ed9 t\u1eadp trung (Hub).................................................................... 3 1.2.5. B\u1ed9\u0111i\u1ec1u ch\u1ebf v\u00e0 gi\u1ea3i\u0111i\u1ec1u ch\u1ebf (Modem)....................................... 4 1.2.6. B\u1ed9 ch\u1ecdn\u0111 \u01b0 \u1eddng (Router)............................................................ 4 1.2.7. Ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m m\u1ea1ng........................................................................ 4

1.3. C\u00e1c giao th\u1ee9c trong TCP/IP..............................................................6

1.3.1. Giao th\u1ee9c d\u00f2ng th\u1eddi gian th\u1ef1c RTP (Real Time Protocol).......... 9
1.3.2. Giao th\u1ee9c UDP (User Datagram Protocol)................................. 11
1.3.3. Giao th\u1ee9c\u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n truy\u1ec1n tin (TCP)....................................... 12
1.3.4. Giao th\u1ee9c IP (Internet Protocol)................................................ 15
1.3.4.1. Kh\u00e1i qu\u00e1t v\u1ec1 giao th\u1ee9c IP............................................. 15
1.3.4.2. T\u1ea7ng giao di\u1ec7n m\u1ea1ng.................................................... 15
1.3.4.3. T\u1ea7ng Internet............................................................... 16
1.3.4.4. T\u1ea7ng giao v\u1eadn.............................................................. 16
1.3.4.5. T\u1ea7ng\u1ee9ng d\u1ee5ng............................................................. 16
1.3.4.6.\u0110 \u1ecba ch\u1ec9 IP..................................................................... 18

1.4. Ti\u00eau chu\u1ea9n H.323..............................................................................20

1.4.1. Ph\u1ea1m vi c\u1ee7a H.323.................................................................... 21 1.4.2. C\u00e1c d\u1ecbch v\u1ee5 H.323..................................................................... 22 1.4.3. C\u00e1c ki\u1ec3u d\u1eef li\u1ec7u\u0111 \u01b0 \u1ee3c\u0111 \u1ecbnh ngh\u0129a trong H.323........................... 22 1.4.4. C\u00e1c th\u00e0nh ph\u1ea7n trong H.323...................................................... 23

1.5. Qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh truy\u1ec1n d\u1eef li\u1ec7u trong TCP/IP............................................24
2
CH\u01af\u01a0NG 2
T\u1ed4NG QUAN V\u1ec0 VOIP
2.1. T\u1ed5ng quan v\u1ec1 VOIP...........................................................................27

2.1.1. Gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u chung v\u1ec1 VOIP......................................................... 27 2.1.2. Ho\u1ea1t\u0111 \u1ed9ng c\u1ee7a VOIP................................................................. 28 2.1.3. So s\u00e1nh gi\u1eefa VOIP v\u00e0 m\u1ea1ng chuy\u1ec3n m\u1ea1ch c\u00f4ng c\u1ed9ng (PSTN) ...32

2.2. C\u00e1c\u0111 \u1eb7c tr\u01b0ng c\u1ee7a VOIP...................................................................34 2.3. H\u1ea1n ch\u1ebf c\u1ee7a vi\u1ec7c s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng\u0111i\u1ec7n tho\u1ea1i VOIP......................................36 2.4.\u1ee8ng d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee7a VOIP..........................................................................37 2.5. C\u00e1c th\u00e0nh ph\u1ea7n trong m\u1ea1ng VOIP...................................................39

2.5.1. C\u00e1c thi\u1ebft b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ea7u cu\u1ed1i................................................................. 39 2.5.2. Gateway....................................................................................40 2.5.3. Gatekeeper................................................................................41 2.5.4. Kh\u1ed1i\u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n v\u00e0 x\u1eed l\u00fd\u0111a\u0111i\u1ec3m (MCU).................................. 42 2.5.5. C\u00e1c Proxy................................................................................. 42

CH\u01af\u01a0NG 3
B\u00c1O HI\u1ec6U V\u00c0 X\u1eec L\u00dd CU\u1ed8C G\u1eccI TRONG VOIP
3.1. Gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u chung................................................................................43
3.2.\u0110 \u1ecbnh tuy\u1ebfn k\u00eanh\u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n v\u00e0 b\u00e1o hi\u1ec7u cu\u1ed9c g\u1ecdi............................44
3.2.1.\u0110 \u1ecbnh tuy\u1ebfn k\u00eanh\u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n cu\u1ed9c g\u1ecdi......................................... 45
3.2.2.\u0110 \u1ecbnh tuy\u1ebfn k\u00eanh b\u00e1o hi\u1ec7u cu\u1ed9c g\u1ecdi............................................ 46
3.3. C\u00e1c th\u1ee7 t\u1ee5c b\u00e1o hi\u1ec7u.........................................................................47

3.3.1. Thi\u1ebft l\u1eadp cu\u1ed9c g\u1ecdi (Giai\u0111o\u1ea1n 1)................................................ 48
3.3.2. Thi\u1ebft l\u1eadp k\u00eanh\u0111i\u1ec1u khi\u1ec3n (Giai\u0111o\u1ea1n 2)..................................... 51
3.3.3. Thi\u1ebft l\u1eadp k\u00eanh truy\u1ec1n th\u00f4ng\u1ea3o (Giai\u0111o\u1ea1n 3)............................. 51
3.3.4. Tham s\u1ed1 cu\u1ed9c g\u1ecdi...................................................................... 52
3.3.4.1. Thay\u0111 \u1ed5i\u0111 \u1ed9 r\u1ed9ng b\u0103ng t\u1ea7n............................................ 52
3.3.4.2. Tr\u1ea1ng th\u00e1i.................................................................... 54
3.3.5. K\u1ebft th\u00fac cu\u1ed9c g\u1ecdi...................................................................... 55

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