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LEGO

LEGO

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Published by L'Usine Nouvelle

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Published by: L'Usine Nouvelle on Oct 28, 2011
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Oct.
24,1961
3,005,282
.K.
CHRISTIANSEN
TOYBUILDINGBRICKriledJuly28,1958
2Sheets-Sheet1
FIG.
I.
FIG.2.
I
Ii
12
33
FIG.3.FIG.4.
2
FIG.5.
I
!
!
a
'~
7
INVENTOR
GodtfredKirkChristiansen
BY
~~,/),~'?ndIaJ~
ATTORNEYS
 
Oct.24,
1961
G.K.CHRISTIANSEN
TOYBUILDINGBRICK
3,005,282
FiledJuly28,1958
FIG.7.
II
FIG.9.
4
12
FIG.II
12
<
,
2Sheets-Sheet2
FIG.S.FIG.12.
12
7
INVENTOR
GodtfredKirkChristiansen
~~D~~/~
?
ATTORNEYS
 
UnitedStates
Patent
Office
3,005,282
PatentedOct.24,1961
1
.3,005,282,..tOYBUILDINGBRICKGodtfred
I(kk
Christiansen,
Emubd,
DeIll1iatk,
assignor
to.Interlego
kG.,
Zug,
Switzerland,
a
corporationof
SWItzerland
Filed
July
28,
1958
f
Ser.No.
751,387
Claimspriority,applicationDenmarkJan.28,1958
7
Claims.(CI.46-25)Thisinventionrelatestotoybuiidingelementsand.moreparticularlytotoybuildingbricksorblocksadaptedto
be
connectedtogetherbymeansofprojectionsextend-ingfromthefacesoftheelementsandarrangedsoastoengageprotrudingportionsofanadjacentelementwhentwosuchelementsareassembled.Toyelementsofthiskindwi1lbereferredtogenerallyas'buildingbricks,andtheprincipalobjectoftheinven-tionistoprovideimprovedcoupling.meansforclamp-ingsuchbuildingbrickstogether.inanydesiredrelativepositionthusprovidingforavastvarietyofcombina-tions.ofthebricksformakingtoystructuresofmanydifferentkindsandshapes.Fundamentally,atoybuildingdementaccordingtotheinventioncomprisesabase.plateprovidedwith.pro-jectionsateitherfacethereof,theprojectionsatonefacebeingarrangedinsuchamanner.relativelytotheprojectionsattheotherfacethatthedistancebetweenapairofprojectionsatonefaceofthebaseplateisequalto.themaximumoftheprojectionsattheotherface.ofthebaseplate.Otherembodimentsoftheinvention,including.buildingblocks
in
theshape
of
arectangularparallelepiped.ofahollowconstructionhavingoneopenface,willbede-scribedwithreferencetotheaccompanyingdrawings,inwhich:FIG.1isaviewofatoybrick
of
thebasictypecom-prisingabaseplate.provided
with
projectionsatbothfaces.FIGURElisaplanviewinthedirectionoftheopenfaceofapreferredembodimentoftheinventionintheform
of
a:
buildingblockintheshapeofarectangUlarparallelepipedofhollowconstructionWithoneapenfaceandfoursidewalls;FIGURE3showsasectionoftheblockshowninFIGURE2,alongtheline3-3inthedirectioiiofthearrows;FIGURE4illustratestheassembly
of
two1>iocksdis-placedrelativetooneanotherinthe'lengthwisedirectionthereof;FIGURE5showsasectionofthecoupledblocks2,
2a
takenonthe<line
5-5
ofFIGURE4lookinginthedirectionofthearrows;FIGURE6isaviewwhereinthetwoblocksarelat-erallydisplacedrelativetooneanother;FIGURE7showsasectionofthecoupledblocks2,
2a
alongtheline
7-7
ofFIGURE6lookinginthedi-rectionofthearrows;FIGURE8isaplanviewshowingablocksimilartothoseillustratedinFIGURES
2-7,
buthavingonlytwointernalprojections;FIGURE9isamodificationoftheblockshowninFIGURE8;FIGURES10and11showfurthermodificationsoftheblockshowninFIGURE8;FIGURE12isaviewofablockcomprisinga.squarebaseplatewithfourprojectionsattheexternalface,onecornerbeingcutawaytoshowtheinternalprojection.Thebaseplate,constitutingthefundamentalelementofthebrick,isgenerallydesignatedby1,theprojectionsextendingfromonefaceofthebaseplateareherein-afterreferredtoastheprimaryprojections21,andtheprojectionsattheotherfacearereferredtoasthesec-
2
ondaryprojections22.IntheembodimentsofFIGS.
i-iz,
where.inthebaseplate10isprovidedwithside
walls11
andendwalls12,soastoconstituteahollow
block
openatoneface,theprimaryprojectionsare
10-
5catedattheexternalfaceofthebottomforme'dbythebaseplate
10,
andthesecondaryprojections22arelo-catedinthecavityofthehollowblock.Intheplanviews,FIGURES2,8;.9,.10and11,theprimaryprojections
21
onthe.outerfaceofthebase
ate
10indicatedbythesmallercirclesinbroken:linesviEaohofthesecondaryprojectionstouchesthegeometricallyprojected.crosssectionsoffourprimary-projections.Likewisethegeometricallyprojectedcross-section.ofeachprimaryprojectionistangenttoatleastone.secondary15projection.andtheinnerface
ofat
least
one
ofthesideorendwalls.theprimaryprojectionsZ1arearranged
in
two
TOWS
paralleltotheiongedgesofthe.rectangularbase10,anda.standardsetof..brrcks-:generallycomprisesunits20havingfour,six,andeightprimaryprojections"althoughtheinventionisnaturallynotlimitedto.theuse.ofsuchstandardunits,butalsocomprisesbase.plateshavingalargenumberof·primaryprojections:tl..Brickspro-videdwithprimaryprojectionsarrangedinthisman-25nerarewell-knownperse.
ttis
alsowell-known
to
providehollowbuildingblockswithinternalprojectionslocated.inthecavity,butinthepreviouslyknownblocksofthistypetheinternalpro-jectionsarearrangedco-axiallywiththepr~marypro-30jections,Incontradistinctiontopriorart,however,the.second-aryprojections22according.tothisinventionarear-rangedco-axiallywiththecentreofasquaredefinedbyfourprimaryprojections21,thecrosssectionofthesec-35ondary.projections
22
beingdefined
In
suchamannerthaiittouchesthecrosssections
of
thefourprimarypro-jectionsdefiningsaid-squarewhensaidcross-sectionsaregeometricallyprojectednormaltothebottomwall,Preferably,boththeprimaryandthesecondarypro-40jectionsate.ofcylindricalshape,.and.thecircularcrosssectionofthe.secondaryprojections
s
wlifthustouchthefourcircularcrosssections
of
theprimaryprojec-tions
2:1.
Intheembodimentsshown
in.
FIGS.
1,2,3,4,
5,
6,1,
45
g
and
12
thesecondaryprojections
i2
areoftubularshape,havingacylindricalcavitytherein.asshownmeredearlyhithesectionalviews,FIGURES
5,S,
1
and12.Otherdos'ssectionsmay,hoWevet,.beusedasshowninFIGS.9and
10,
wherethesecondaryprojectionsare50cross-shaped,ortheymayhaveanyothersymmetricalcrosssectionprovidedthatthecontourofthecross.sec-tionisshapedsoastocontactthecircularcrosssectionsoffourprimaryprojectionsasshownbywayofexam-pleinFIGURE11.Thesecondaryprojectionsmaybe55providedwithlongitudinalslits18,asshowninFIGS.8,
10
and
11,
toincreasetheclampingeffectofsaidpro-jections,wheninterlockedwithfourprimaryprojec-tionsofanadjacentbrick.Thisparticulardispositionofthesecondaryprojec-60tionsrelativetotheprimaryprojectionswhichistheessentialfeature.oftheinvention.providesforavastnumberofpossiblecombinationsofadjacentbricks.Althoughtheclampingeffectusedforassemblingapair.of.adjacentbricksbyengagingthesecondarypro-65jectionsofonebrick.withfourprimaryprojectionsoftheotherbrickis,fundamentally,independentofthepresenceofthesideandendwalls11and12,thebricksaccordingtotheinventionwillpreferablybeprovidedwithsaidwallssoastoconstitutehollowblocksof70brick-likeappearance,andthefiguresillustratingtheas-semblyoftwoelementsthereforeshowsuchblocks.
In
the.preferredembodimentstheheightofthesec-

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