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Entomology News Fall 2011

Entomology News Fall 2011

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Published by liquidanbar
Louisiana State University Entomology Department's Fall 2011 Newsletter.
Louisiana State University Entomology Department's Fall 2011 Newsletter.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: liquidanbar on Oct 28, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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1 Entomology Newsletter
(Continued on page 7)
From theDepartment Head
Dr. Tim Schowalter 
Tis past yearwe have had thegreat honor o paying tribute tosome riends o our department.First we celebratedthe retirement o Dr. David Bo-ethel (ormer aculty member o the department) rom his positionas vice chancellor and director,Louisiana Agricultural ExperimentStation, ater 32 years o service tothe LSU AgCenter. Later this yearwe paid tribute to dear riends o agriculture, Ray and Dorothy Youngas we launched the new Ray andDorothy Young Endowed Assis-
Gul Oil Spill/Efects on Fly Recovery
Lane Foil and Claudia Husseneder 
In July 2010 a National Science Foundation Rapid Response Research (NSF-RAPID) proposal (“A Survey o abanid and Ceratopogonid Populations alongCoastal Louisiana to Establish Baseline Data or Measuring the Impact o the BPOil Spill on idal Marsh Communities”) developed by Drs. Lane Foil and ClaudiaHusseneder was unded. Ater the Deepwater Horizon oil spill disaster in the Gul o Mexico (April 2010) a survey was initiated or insects belonging to the amilies
(horse ies)and
(bit-ing midges) because theydevelop in tidal marshesin Louisiana. Te larvaeo both amilies aredependent upon theinvertebrate ood webaround them in the mudo the tidal marshes and the adult reproduction is dependent upon the vertebratehosts above the larval habitats. Tereore, tabanid and ceratopogonid residents o themarsh community will serve as bioindicators or wetland health since they requireboth aquatic and terrestrial habitat or survival. Te studies show which areas o ourtidal marshes have been most aected by the spill and identiy areas needing mitiga-tion and rehabilitation.Te impact and recovery related to oil contamination are being evaluated at theinsect species level via comparative analyses o baseline data on population abun-dance, species diversity and genetic diversity (determined by microsatellite genotyp-ing) o tabanids and ceratopogonids collected in tidal marsh areas that were con-taminated compared to population abundance and diversity o ies sampled in areasthat were not contaminated. Te sampling periods are rom June 2010 to October2011. Te area targeted or the ceratopogonid survey was not oiled but two o theve tabanid survey locations were acutely aected. Analysis o the population tabanidsurveys to date shows that in the western portion o Louisiana, where oil did notmake landall, tabanid populations were high. Incontrast, in the eastern portion o the state at sitesclose to oiled areas o Barataria Bay and GrandIsle, tabanid catches were extremely low. Tese lo-cations historically have high tabanid populations.Te researchers intend to continue the survey oranother year to determine i tabanid populationsrebound(indicatingthat larvalpopula-tionswere notdevastated)or remaindepressed.
Locations o the ceratopogonid (red square) and tabanid (yellow pins) surveys.
tantship in Field Crop IntegratedPest Management (provided by theLouisiana Agricultural ConsultantsAssociation). Tis endowment willprovide a graduate assistantshipor a student in entomology, plantpathology or weed science. Giventhe high caliber o our graduate
Fall 2011www.lsuagcenter.com or http://ent
Horse fy traps (Grand Bayou, PlaqueminesParish, Louisiana) are baited with dry ice (CO
 )to attract horse fies. The tent hosts the bait.
Professor of Entomology and J. Ham-ilton Regents Chair in Cotton Pro-duction B. Rogers Leonard, Dorothy and Ray Young and LSU College of  Agriculture Dean Ken Koonce.
2 Entomology Newsletter
Soybean Entomology
Jef Davis
In November 2007, Dr. Jerey A.Davis was hired to do research thatocuses on establishing and maintaininga sustainable soybean integrated pestmanagement (IPM) program to reducesoybean grower costs and improveyields. Tis is done by utilizing biologi-cal, cultural, physical and chemical toolsto regulate insect pest populations whileminimizing environmental risks. Hisresearch is generating the necessarydata on soybean insect pest density,distribution and biology that are criticalto improving the overall soybean IPMprogram. Tese eorts have ocused ona new, emerging insect soybean pest,the redbanded stink bug,
Piezodorus guildinii
(Westwood), and a re-emergingpest, the soybean looper,
(Walker).Prior to 2000, the redbanded stinkbug had not been an economic threatto soybean production in the U. S.Consequently, little is known about itsdamage potential, biology, movementand population dynamics. Te rst stepwas to establish the damage potential o redbanded stink bug and an economicthreshold. Yields were not signicantlyreduced at redbanded stink bug actionthresholds o zero, one and three stinkbugs per 25 sweeps (50 to 64 bush-els per acre). Yields were signicantlyreduced at six and nine per 25 sweeps(28 bushels per acre) and at 12 per 25sweeps (10 bushels per acre). Seed qual-ity was signicantly reduced at six, nineand 12 stink bugs per 25 sweeps. Dataindicates that redbanded thresholdswill need to be lowered to less than therecommended six per 25 sweeps.Field colonization behavior o stinkbugs is known to be aggregated. I stinkbugs demonstrate aggregated distribu-tions within eld margins, site-specictargeting o insecticide applications ispossible. Tus, part o Davis’ researcheorts have ocused on mapping andanalyzing stink bug population densi-ties and distributions within soybeanelds and testing site-specic targetingo insecticide. Results rom small scaleplots (. 5 acre) indicate that stink bugsare aggregated along eld edges early(R1) in the season. Applications alongeld edges reduced eld colonizationby two weeks and reduced overall stinkbug populations when soybeans hadreached R6; 14 per 25 sweeps on eldedges compared to 0 per 25 sweeps ineld interior. Results rom large scaleplots (10 acre) conrmed stink bug eldcolonization along eld edges. Davis’lab then explored the use o a MaturityGroup III soybean (MGIII) trap cropplanted around a Maturity Group Vsoybean (MGV). Te MGIII trap cropattracted stink bugs and held them allyear. Te MGIII trap crop was sprayedthree times or stink bug control whilethe MGV never reached stink bug eco-nomic threshold and was never sprayed.New management tactics are need-ed to combat changing stink bug assem-blages without destabilizing the system
Redbanded stink bug
Produced by LSU AgCenter Communications
 The LSU Agricultural Center provides equal opportunities in pro-grams and employment. The Louisiana State University and A&MCollege is an equal opportunity/equal access employer.
Louisiana State University Agricultural Center
William B. Richardson, ChancellorJohn S. Russin, Vice Chancellorand Director o ResearchPaul D. Coreil, Vice Chancellorand Director o Extension
Louisiana State University and A&M College
Mike Martin, Chancellor 
College of Agriculture
 Kenneth L. Koonce, Dean
Department of Entomology
 Timothy D. Schowalter, Head404 Lie Sciences BuildingLouisiana State UniversityBaton Rouge, LA 70803tschowalter@agcenter.lsu.edu Tel (225) 578-1634Fax (225) 578-2257
3 Entomology Newsletter
Sweet Potato Research
Rick Story and Tara Smith
ConAgra’s Lamb Weston division,which is based in Washington, has builta state-o-the-art processing plant nearDelhi to take advantage o Louisiana’ssweet potato crop. Company ofcialssaid they also chose the location to bein close collaboration with the research-ers and extension specialists at thenearby Sweet Potato Research Stationin Chase, La. Tese include Drs. araSmith and Arthur Villordan (research-ers at the Sweet Potato Research Sta-tion), Donnie Miller (weed scientist atNortheast Research Station), and DavidPicha (postharvest physiologist), DonLaBonte (horticulturalist and plantbreeder), Chris Clark (plant patholo-gist) and Rick Story (entomologist)all located on the LSU main campus.Te extension component includesDrs. Donald Ferrin, Myrl Sistrunk andVincent Deshotel.Louisiana has about 14,000 acreso sweet potatoes. North Carolina,Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, exasand Caliornia also produce sweetpotatoes. Te ConAgra Lamb Westonacility expects to source more than hal o their product needs rom Louisianaproducers but will also work closelywith producers in other states. LambWeston markets rozen sweet potatoproducts (wedges, pus and mashed)to restaurants through its Sweet Tingsbrand and to grocery stores through itsAlexia brand. It operates rozen-oodprocessing plants in the Pacic North-west, Minnesota and Canada.Sweet potatoes are aected bymany insect pests, both oliar eedingand root eeding. Root eeding insectssuch as the sweet potato weevil, root-worms, white grubs, sugarcane beetleand wireworms impact the marketedportion o the crop directly. oleranceor minor blemishes (eeding scars) onroots is quite strict (U. S. No. 1 gradeurther with insecticide use. With thisin mind, the Davis Lab has, or thelast two years, screened commerciallyavailable, high yielding soybean varietiesand has identied several which diersignicantly in their susceptibility tostink bugs. Teir research indicates thatthe resistance ound in these varieties, incombination with biological control orreduced insecticide use, should providesubstantial control, reducing reliance onpesticides and saving producers money.Simulation models indicate that or amoderately resistant soybean variety,insecticide applications or stink bugcontrol could be cut by two-thirds com-pared to that required or a susceptiblevariety.Biological control is an importantcomponent o IPM, reducing the costo chemical control while decreas-ing pest populations through naturalmeans. Previous to Davis’ work, therewas no inormation on which biologi-cal control agents currently inect orimpact redbanded stink bug in the U. S.Miyanda Moonga (doctoral candidate),a Fulbright Scholar rom Zambia whostarted in the all o 2010, is workingunder Davis to identiy egg parasitoido redbanded stink bug. She has oundthat, overall, 49 percent o redbandedstink bug egg masses were parasitized.Eighty percent o all parasitoids are asingle species. Te soybean looper is animportant pest o soybean in southeast-ern U. S. and is highly resistant to mostinsecticides, with ew products exist-ing or control. Early planted soybeanscan escape damaging levels, however,double-cropping wheat and soybean isleading to increased insecticide applica-tions or this pest. In 2008, we receivedthe rst reports o unsatisactory con-trol or soybean looper with methoxy-enozide. Davis’ lab began a monitoringprogram in 2009. Sebe Brown (master’scandidate) started in the spring o 2010and is conducting methoxyenozideresistance research using a diet incorpo-rated technique. Brown has ound thatmethoxyenozide resistance exists inLouisiana soybean looper populations,resulting in longer survivorship, greaterdeoliation and reduced residual efcacy.Other members o the Davis Labinclude Arthur Richter (research as-sociate), who provides valuable researchsupport to all ongoing projects, andthree undergraduate student work-ers: Renee Dale, Daniel Nelson andMatthew Nelson. In the all o 2011,Kukuh Hernowo (doctoral candidate),a Fulbright Scholar rom Indonesia, has joined the Davis Lab to work on aspectso below ground mediated host plant re-sistance to above ground soybean pestsand its impact on biological control.
Accomplishments romESA-EPA Liaison Position
Gene Reagan
Te Entomological Society o America (ESA) has established a liaisonposition with the U.S.-EnvironmentalProtection Agency Ofce o PesticidePrograms (OPP) or the purpose o encouraging more practical perspectivesin the labeling and re-labeling processo pesticides and acilitating networkingcontacts to scientists rom the vari-ous ESA sections. Also, this positionprovides useul access to practitionersand stakeholders, assists with EPA di-rected meetings where appropriate, andacilitates use o technical inormationto clariy scientic issues and enhancepublic understanding o the pesticideregulation process by EPA. Te un-damental goal o the liaison positionwith OPP has been to provide objective,unbiased inormation to assist EPA inmaking inormed decisions regardingpesticide registration and regulation.Dr. Gene Reagan was selected toll this position in 2010. Tis work hasbeen very rewarding and exciting andhas provided him an opportunity toutilize his background and experiencesin eld crops, IPM research and class-room instruction. Reagan appreciates agroup o very hard working and dedi-cated scientists at EPA who take theirresponsibilities seriously, with a ocuson meeting timelines. Tese individualsare oten overworked, but have shown acommitment to those who use pesti-
potatoes are allowed to have no morethan ve percent o the roots with oneor more minor blemishes). Lower gradepotatoes sell at a lower price, hence,growers try to minimize soil insectdamage. Processed products such asthose which ConAgra is producing havea higher tolerance or insect damage toroots. Te plant will provide a mar-ket or our growers which will accept jumbos, canners and light to moderateinsect damaged roots. It is hoped thatthe increased demand or sweet potatoroots will enable growers in Louisianato expand their acreage and increasetheir productivity.

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