10:1); "all of Yisrael have a share in the world to come" and in what we read following our learning from
(Makos 3:16); "g-d wanted to merit Israel therefore he increased for them Torah and Mitzvos".We can learn from the recital of these texts that the focus of
is to guide a person to the correctways that will lead one to receive his share in the world to come. We also see that this was g-d'sintention when creating man and he therefore increases the
which are the pathwaysto receiving our share in the world to come.Now, one may find it difficult to comprehend how we can possibly reach these goals. It is clear andobvious that no person in our generation is saturated with
as the mishnaic sageswere. We may find one who is capable of understanding
but does not have the means to fulfillthe mitzvah of charity. We may also find one who fulfills the mitzvah of charity but does not have thetime or understanding to learn the Torah. There are even many who do not have the privilege of either.How is it then possible for one to reach his portion of the world to come? Is g-d so passive that he willgive rewards to those who did not properly earn it?The author of the
is therefore teaching us that there are five independent acquirements thatg-d made in this world and with each individual "one", a person can obtain a share in the world tocome. Let us explain each acquirement individually:
Torah is one acquirement:
This is teaching us that even if one can only acquire torah knowledgealone without the ability to perform acts of charity, he is still acquiring a portion of the only one and istherefore acquiring a portion in the world to come.
The heavens and earth are one acquirement:
To understand the significance of this, we will firstread the words of the
“What is the way to love and fear God? Whenever one contemplates the great wonders of God's works and creations, and one sees that they are a product of a wisdom that has no bounds or limits, one will immediately love, laud and glorify [God] with an immensepassion to know the Great Name, like David has said, "My soul thirsts for God, for theliving God". When one thinks about these matters one will feel a great fear andtrepidation, and one will know that one is a low and insignificant creation, with hardly an iota of intelligence compared to that of God, like David has said, "When I observe Your heavens, the work of Your fingers...what is man, that You are heedful of him?”
If one constantly bares this in mind and yearns to have this glory and greatness of g-d revealed to theworld, he has also acquired a portion of the only one despite his lack of ability in acquiring Torah.
Avraham is one acquirement:
We find that
converted many people to the service of g-dso that they would privilege entering the world to come. (The difference between this quality and thequality of one who acquires heaven and earth by wanting people to realize g-ds greatness through thecreations is that the latter is acting solely out of his love for g-d, while the former is also acting out of love for his fellow human beings and his concern for their lives.) It follows therefore, that even if oneonly assists others in coming close to the service of g-d, he too has acquired a portion of the only one.
Yisrael is one acquirement:
Even if one does not possess the previous qualities but has a love forall of Israel and therefore keeps the commandment of (?) "
Love your brother as you love yourself
", he too has acquired a portion of the only one.