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Quantum Condensed Matter Physics-Lecture

Quantum Condensed Matter Physics-Lecture

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Published by: api-3759956 on Oct 17, 2008
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03/18/2014

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Quantum Condensed Matter Physics - Lecture
Notes
Chetan Nayak
November 5, 2004
2
Contents
I Preliminaries
1
1 Conventions, Notation, Reminders
3
1.1 Mathematical Conventions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
1.2 Plane Wave Expansion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
1.2.1 Transforms de\ufb01ned on the continuum in the interval
[\u2212L/2, L/2]. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
1.2.2 Transforms de\ufb01ned on a real-space lattice. . . . . . .
4
1.3 QuantumMechanics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
1.4 Statistical Mechanics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
II Basic Formalism
17
2 Phonons and Second Quantization
19

2.1 Classical Lattice Dynamics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 2.2 The Normal Modes of a Lattice. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 2.3 Canonical Formalism, Poisson Brackets. . . . . . . . . . . . 21 2.4 Motivation for Second Quantization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.5 Canonical Quantization of Continuum Elastic Theory: Phonons 23

2.5.1 Review of the Simple Harmonic Oscillator. . . . . . . 23 2.5.2 Fock Space for Phonons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2.5.3 Fock space for He4 atoms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

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