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MA131 MATHEMATICS IQUESTION BANKQuestion BankMATRICES:PART –A

1.

Find the eigen values of 2

A+

I given that

⎟⎟ ⎞⎜⎜

23

.

⎠⎝ ⎛ =

14

A

2.

Find the eigen values and eigen vectors of

⎟⎟ ⎞⎜⎜⎝ ⎛ =

00

aa A

.3.

Find the sum of the eigen values of 2

A

if

⎟⎟⎟ ⎠ ⎞⎜⎜⎜⎝ ⎛ −−−−=

342476268

A

.

4.

Verify Cayley- Hamilton theorem for

⎟⎟

.

⎠ ⎞⎜⎜⎝ ⎛ =

3135

A

5.

Find the matrix of the quadratic form

yz xz z y x

242

222

++++

.

PART - B

6.

(i) Using Cayley-Hamilton theorem, find the inverse of A where(8 Marks)

⎟⎟⎟ ⎠ ⎞⎜⎜⎜⎝ ⎛ −−−=

442331311

A

(ii) Using diagonalization, find A

6

given that

.

(8 Marks)

⎟⎟ ⎠ ⎞⎜⎜⎝ ⎛ =

2145

A

7. Find an orthogonal transformation which reduces the quadratic form

xz yz xy

222

++

to a canonical form. Also find its nature, index, signature andrank. (16 Marks)7.

Reduce the quadratic form

xz

to a canonicalform by an orthogonal transformation. Also find its nature, index, signature andrank. (16 Marks)

yz xy z y x

2422

222

−−+++

8.

(i) Using Cayley-Hamilton theorem, find

A

n

given that

⎟⎟

.

Hencefind

A

3

. (8 Marks)

⎠ ⎞⎜⎜⎝ ⎛ =

3241

A

(ii) Diagonalize

A

by an orthogonal transformation where

.

⎟⎟⎟ ⎠ ⎞⎜⎜⎜⎝ ⎛ =

204060402

A

(8 Marks)9.

Find the characteristic equation of the matrix

A

and hence find the matrixrespresented by

I A A A A A A A A

+−+−+−+−

285375

2345678

⎟⎟⎟ ⎠ ⎞

where

.

(16 Marks)

⎜⎜⎜⎝ ⎛ =

211010112

A

ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY:PART-A

1.

A, B, C, D are the points (-3, 2,

k

), (4, 1, 6), (-1, -2, -3) and (13, -4, -1). Find thevalue of

k

if AB is parallel to CD.2.

Find the angle between the planes

072

=++−

z y x

and

0112

=−++

z y x

.3.

Find the value of

k

if the lines

k z y x z
k y x

−=+=−++=−=−−

3141&51311

are perpendicular.4.

Find the equation of the sphere having the points (2,-3,4) and (-1,5,7) as the endsof a diameter.5.

Find the equation of the tangent plane at the point (1,-1,2) to the sphere

012

.

642

222

=−++−++

z y x z y x

PART-B

6.

(i) Prove that the four points A(2,5,3), B(7,9,1), C(3,-6,2), D(13,2,-2) arecoplanar. (8 Marks)(ii) Find the equation of the plane that contains the parallel lines

342213&332211

+=+=−−=−=−

z y x z y x

.

(8 Marks)7.

(i) Find the length of the shortest distance line between the lines

32306532;
43122

+−−==−−+=
+=−

z y x z y x
z y x

.

(8 Marks)(ii) Find the co-ordinates of the foot, the length and the equations of theperpendicular from the point (-1,3,9) to the line

13188513

−=−+=−

z y x

.

(8 Marks)2

8.

(i) Show that plane

01222

=++−

z y x

touches the sphere

32

and find also the point of contact. (8 Marks)

42

222

+−−++

y x z y x

=

z

(ii) Find the equation of the sphere having the circleas a great circle. (8 Marks)

3;08410

222

=++=−−+++

z y x z y z y x

9.

(i) Find the equation of the sphere that passes through the circle

01

and cutsorthogonally the sphere

02

.

(8 Marks)

32;0232

222

=−−−=−+++++

z y x z y x z y x

3

222

=−+−++

y x z y x

(ii) Find the centre and radius of the circle given by. (8 Marks)

0722;019422

222

=+++=−−−+++

z y x z y x z y x

(i) Find the length and equations of the shortest distance line between the lines

33206523;
12231

−+−==−−+=
−=+

z y x z y x
z y x

.

(8 Marks)(ii) Find the equation of the sphere passing through the circle given byandand the point (1,-2,3). (8 Marks)

0343

222

=−+++++

z y x z y x

0632

222

=+++++

y x z y x

GEOMETRICAL APPLICATIONS OF DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUSPART-A

1.

Find the curvature of the curve given by

xc y

tan

=

at

x

= 0.2.

Find the radius of curvature of the curve

xy

=

c

2

.3.

Find the radius of curvature at the point (

p

,

r

) of the ellipse

222222

111

bar ba p

−+=

.4.

Find the envelope of the family of lines

mamx y

+=

,

where

m

is a parameter.5.

Show that the radius of curvature of a circle is its radius.

PART-B

6.

(i) Find the measure of curvature of the curve

1

=+

b ya x

at any point (

x

,

y

)on it. (8 Marks)(ii) Find the centre of curvature at

2

π θ

=

on the curve

t t yt t x

2sinsin2,2coscos2

+=+=

. (8 Marks)3

scribd