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Assembly Procedures

Assembly Procedures

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Published by: api-26355935 on Oct 17, 2008
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60
3SYSTEMMAIN
TENANCEANDS
UPPORT
SYSTEM-ASSEMBLY
PROCEDURES
1519
CONTENTS AT A GLANCE
Case and Power-Supply Assembly
Step 1: Assemble the case
Step 2: Install the power supply
Assembling the \u201cMain Board\u201d

Step 3: Motherboard installation
Step 4: Case wiring
Step 5: CPU installation
Step 6: RAM installation
Step 7: Cache RAM installation
Step 8: CMOS battery installation

Completing the Initial Assembly

Step 9: Video system installation
Step 10: Keyboard installation
Step 11: Floppy-drive system

installation
Step 12: Initial testing
Setting Up the Hard Drive
Step 13: Hard-drive system

installation
Step 14: Copy the DOS files
Step 15: Create your startup files

Setting Up the Mouse
Step 16: Install the mouse
Setting Up for \u201cMultimedia\u201d
Step 17: Assemble the sound system
Step 18: Assemble the CD-ROM
drive system
Step 19: Wrapping up the initial
hardware
Further Study
Whether you\u2019re an avid PC enthusiast or an active PC technician, chances are that

sooner or later you\u2019ll wind up building your own PC. Although PC building is not a com- plicated or lengthy activity, it can be confusing, once you see all the parts laid out around you (especially after you consider all of the various peripherals that are available). This chapter explains the comprehensive, step-by-step process for PC building, which starts with the chassis and ends with the installation of an operating system.

Case and Power-Supply Assembly

The first phase of all PC building starts with assembling the case and installing the power supply. If you already have a pre-assembled case and installed power supply, feel free to skip this section (though you might still want to read it for reference).

STEP 1: ASSEMBLE THE CASE

Most cases are already pre-assembled\u2014this simplifies things quite a bit. If you must as- semble a case of your own, be sure to follow all of the manufacturer\u2019s instructions that ac- company the case. Contrary to popular belief, it\u2019s not OK to have \u201cextra\u201d parts when you\u2019re done. When complete, the case should be sturdy and rigid\u2014if it wiggles like a bowl of Jell-O, go back and check your work.

Edges and pointsWhether you assemble your own case or not, you will need to watch

out for sharp edges and burrs in the metal\u2014especially in the drive bays and metal housing, which you\u2019ll be working with most closely. Low-end manufacturers often save costs by ignoring that tedious, time-consuming finish work (such as dulling sharp edges and re- moving burrs). This can result in cuts and abrasions as you handle the case. As a rule, use caution when handling any of the metal enclosures. It might help to use a pair of light work gloves when assembling the case.

Fans and filtersYour case might also include fans and filters. Fans are used to vent

heated air from the case area. Often, one fan blows air in and another fan blows air out. In tower cases, the \u201cintake\u201d fan is located in the lower front and the \u201cexhaust\u201d fan is located in the upper rear. Desktop cases might only use a single exhaust fan located in the rear. Intake filters are sometimes used with good-quality cases to trap the dust and other airborne debris that normally enters the enclosure. Because dust is an electrical conductor and thermal in- sulator, minimizing dust with a filter is certainly a worthwhile precaution. You should pe- riodically clean fan blades and filters to clean out any accumulations of dust and debris.

1520
SYSTEM-ASSEMBLY PROCEDURES
This chapter covers a wide variety of peripheral devices. If you do not need to install a
particular device covered here, feel free to skip the section.
Do not proceed with the assembly until your case is assembled correctly and is me-
chanically sound.
STEP 2: INSTALL THE POWER SUPPLY

Once the case is built, it\u2019s time to install the power supply. If the supply is already incor- porated into the case, you\u2019re in luck. Otherwise, you\u2019ll need to mount the supply in the case. Be sure that the ac line-cord connection, the fuse (or circuit breaker) access, the ac voltage (120/220 Vac) selector switch, and the power on/off switch are all readily accessi- ble. Also check to see that the power-supply mounting holes line up with the holes in the case (hopefully, you did that before you bought the supply).

Presetting the supplyBefore you go any farther, pre-configure your power supply
and be sure that it is receiving power properly:
sCheck to be sure that the ac voltage selector switch (120/220 Vac) is set in the proper
position. In the U.S., the switch should be set to 120 Vac. In Europe, the switch is typ-
ically set to 220 Vac.

sCheck the power switch and see that it is turned off.
sConnect the ac line cord to the supply, then plug the supply in to an ac outlet.
sTurn the power supply on. The cooling fan should start and run quietly. If it doesn\u2019t,

recheck the ac voltage selector and ac line-cord installation. If problems persist, try a
new power supply.
sOnce you confirm that the power-supply fan is running, turn off the supply and unplug
it from the ac outlet.
Assembling the \u201cMain Board\u201d
Now that the case and power supply are assembled, you\u2019ll need to install the motherboard
and its support components, such as the CPU, RAM, and cache.
STEP 3: MOTHERBOARD INSTALLATION

At this point, your case is ready to accept the motherboard, as well as supplemental de- vices, such as the CPU, RAM, and cache. Remember to use good static precautions to pre- vent accidental damage to the motherboard\u2019s sensitive electronics. Keep the motherboard in its protective anti-static packaging until you are just ready to bolt it into place. The ac- tual physical installation is quite straightforward, but subsequent sections will offer addi- tional installation details:

1Place small, non-conductive plastic washers on each of the metal standoffs (Fig. 60-1)\u2014

this prevents the standoffs from shorting out the motherboard wiring and causing sys- tem problems. Remember that your washers must be as thin as possible. Otherwise, your expansion bus slots will sit a bit too high and you won\u2019t be able to bolt expansion boards to the chassis securely.

ASSEMBLING THE \u201cMAIN BOARD\u201d
1521
3SYSTEMMAIN
TENANCEANDS
UPPORT
Be sure to use the right screws when bolting the supply into place\u2014if the screws are too
long, they might damage wiring or crack a circuit board in the supply.

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