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M14--Terapi Kognitif-Tingkah Laku

M14--Terapi Kognitif-Tingkah Laku

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Published by api-3811808
Nota kuliah minggu ke-14
Nota kuliah minggu ke-14

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Published by: api-3811808 on Oct 17, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/18/2014

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TERAPI KOGNITIF-
TINGKAH LAKU
2
GAMBARAN KESELURUHAN
Pelopor-pelopor utama: Albert Ellis (rational emotive behavior
therapy--REBT) dan A. T. Beck (terapi kognitif--CT)

REBT ialah satu terapi yg berbentukdidac tic, kognitif dan
berorientasikan tindakan. Ia menekankan peranan fikiran dan
sistem pemikiran sbg punca masalah peribadi.

3
FALSAFAH ASAS
Manusia cenderung utk dipengaruhi oleh pemikiran yg salah

(faulty). Hal ini menyebabkan gangguan emosi dan tingkah laku.
Pemikiran sgt menentukan perasaan dan tindakan kita.
Terapi berorientasikan pemikiran dan tingkah laku. Ia menekankan

peranan berfikir, membuat keputusan, menyoal, bertindak dan
kembali membuat keputusan.

TKTL ialah satu model psiko-pendidikan. Ia menekankan terapi
sbg satu proses pembelajaran: mendapatkan dan berlatih
menggunakan kemahiran-kemahiran baru, mempelajari cara-
cara baru utk berfikir dan mendapatkan cara-cara yg lbh efektif
utk mengatasi masalah.

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