base of the cylinder where there is an outlet by which the flow may be directed to theweighing tank.The vane is supported by a rod which carries a weight, and which is restrained by a spring.The rod may be set to a balance position by placing the weight at its zero position. Any forcegenerated by the impact of the jet on the vane may now be measured by moving the rodweight along the scale until the rod head reaches to equilibrium position.
Clean and fill the sump tank with water.2.
First of all note down the relevant dimensions as area of collecting tank and diameterof nozzle.3.
When jet is not running, note down the position of upper disc or plate.4.
Admit water supply to the nozzle.5.
As the jet strikes the disc, the disc moves upward, now for given water supply tonozzle and weight note the equilibrium position of disc on the scale.6.
At this position find out the discharge and note down the weights placed above thedisc.7.
The procedure is repeated for different values of flow rate by reducing the watersupply in steps.
Flow pattern of impactObservations and Calculation:
Data usedDensity of water
ρ = 1000 kg/ m
Area of cross section of nozzle A=d
/ 4 = 7.85 X 10
Area of measuring tank =0.1 m