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Numerical Analysis Project

# Numerical Analysis Project

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06/27/2013

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2011
By: Anil Chejara (9003022)Deep Kumar (9003031)
MOTION OF SUBMARINE

INTRODUCTION:
A
submarine
is a watercraft capable of independent operation below the surface of thewater. Submarines are ingenious bits of engineering designed to carry people safely through thisvery harsh environment. A submarine is fundamentally an air space contained by a hull that isdesigned to withstand deep ocean pressures and to move easily underwater. The hull is a doublesteel shell. The inner, or pressure, hull contains all the machinery for propelling and guiding thevessel, plus living quarters for the crew. The outer hull holds the ballast tanks. When the vesselsubmerges, these tanks are opened and flooded with seawater. For surfacing, the seawater is forcedout of the ballast tanks and replaced by compressed air
.
A submarine can float because the weight of water that it displaces is equal to the weight of theship. This displacement of water creates an upward force called the buoyant force
.
A submarine hastanks that are called ballast tanks. When these tanks are flooded with sea water, the submarinesinks because the submarine weighs more than the water it displaces. To rise again, the submarinereduces its weight by pushing compressed air into the ballast tanks. The air forces the sea water outand sub returns to the surface. It manoeuvres using its rudder and planes.

Underwater, the submarine uses inertial guidance systems (electric, mechanical) that keep track of the ship's motion from a fixed starting point by using gyroscopes for navigation.Thus underwater the submarine experiences large amounts of pressure. The submarine alsoexperiences a force in the opposite direction of motion, which is more commonly known as theDRAG FORCE.
PROBLEM STATEMENT
:
Consider a submarine moving underwater at Great Depths. Using the RUNGE KUTTA method of 4
th
order to solve an equation to find its velocity and corresponding displacement in
MATLAB
.Assumption: It has geometry complication so consider the submarine to be a solid sphere of massm and radius R. Since the submarine is in moving in great depth of fluid having density
Rho
’ and the
velocity of fluid is V.Considering that that submarine is FULLY submerged inside the fluid at great depth so its weightshould exceed its buoyant force. So the density of the sphere should be high compare to water.

The Buoyant force < Mg
The approximate velocity of submarine in fluid is given by the equation given below. It is a secondorder differential equation which has components of velocity and square of dx/dt. The mathmeticalformulation is given by

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