Underwater, the submarine uses inertial guidance systems (electric, mechanical) that keep track of the ship's motion from a fixed starting point by using gyroscopes for navigation.Thus underwater the submarine experiences large amounts of pressure. The submarine alsoexperiences a force in the opposite direction of motion, which is more commonly known as theDRAG FORCE.
Consider a submarine moving underwater at Great Depths. Using the RUNGE KUTTA method of 4
order to solve an equation to find its velocity and corresponding displacement in
.Assumption: It has geometry complication so consider the submarine to be a solid sphere of massm and radius R. Since the submarine is in moving in great depth of fluid having density
’ and the
velocity of fluid is V.Considering that that submarine is FULLY submerged inside the fluid at great depth so its weightshould exceed its buoyant force. So the density of the sphere should be high compare to water.
The Buoyant force < Mg
The approximate velocity of submarine in fluid is given by the equation given below. It is a secondorder differential equation which has components of velocity and square of dx/dt. The mathmeticalformulation is given by