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The Timan Pechora Basin

The Timan Pechora Basin



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Geologisk informasjon
Geologisk informasjon

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Published by: api-3813396 on Oct 17, 2008
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U. S. Department of the InteriorU. S. Geological Survey
The Timan-Pechora Basin Province of Northwest ArcticRussia: Domanik – Paleozoic Total Petroleum System
On-Line EditionbySandra J. Lindquist
Open-File Report 99-50-G
This report is preliminary and has not been reviewed for conformity with the U.S.Geological Survey editorial standards or with the North American Stratigraphic Code.Any use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsementby the U.S. government.
Consulting Geologist, Contractor to U. S. Geological Survey, Denver, Colorado
Page 2 of 40
The Timan-Pechora Basin Province of Northwest Arctic Russia:Domanik – Paleozoic Total Petroleum System
Sandra J. Lindquist, Consulting GeologistContractor to U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, COMarch, 1999
This report was prepared as part of the World Energy Project of the U.S. GeologicalSurvey. In the project, the world was divided into eight regions and 937 geologicprovinces. The provinces have been ranked according to the discovered oil and gasvolumes within each (Klett and others, 1997). Then, 76 "priority" provinces (exclusiveof the U.S. and chosen for their high ranking) and 26 "boutique" provinces (exclusive of the U.S. and chosen for their anticipated petroleum richness or special regional economicimportance) were selected for appraisal of oil and gas resources. The petroleum geologyof these priority and boutique provinces is described in this series of reports. The Timan-Pechora Basin Province ranks 22
in the world, exclusive of the U.S.The purpose of this effort is to aid in assessing the quantities of oil, gas, and natural gasliquids that have the potential to be added to reserves within the next 30 years. Thesevolumes either reside in undiscovered fields whose sizes exceed the stated minimum-field-size cutoff value for the assessment unit
(variable, but must be at least 1 millionbarrels of oil equivalent) or occur as reserve growth of fields already discovered.The
total petroleum system
constitutes the basic geologic unit of the oil and gasassessment. The total petroleum system includes all genetically related petroleumoccurring in shows and accumulations (discovered and undiscovered) that has beengenerated by a pod or by closely related pods of mature source rock and that exists withina limited mappable geologic space, together with the essential mappable geologicelements (source, reservoir, seal, and overburden rocks) that control
the fundamentalprocesses of generation, expulsion, migration, entrapment, and preservation of petroleum. The
minimum petroleum system
is that part of a total petroleum systemencompassing discovered shows and accumulations, together with the geologic space inwhich the various essential elements have been proved by these discoveries.An
assessment unit 
is a mappable part of a total petroleum system in which discoveredand undiscovered fields constitute a single relatively homogenous population such thatthe chosen methodology of resource assessment – based on estimation of the number andsizes of undiscovered fields – is applicable. A total petroleum system might equate to asingle assessment unit. If necessary, a total petroleum system may be subdivided intotwo or more assessment units such that each assessment unit is sufficiently homogeneous
Domanik-Paleozoic Total Petroleum System (#100801), northwestern Russia and southern Barents Sea,Timan-Pechora Basin Province (#1008), Former Soviet Union (Region 1)
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in terms of geology, exploration considerations, and risk to assess individually.Assessment units are considered
if they contain more than 13 fields,
if they contain 1-13 fields, and
if they contain no fields.A graphical depiction
of the elements of the a total petroleum system
is provided in theform of an events chart that shows the time of deposition of essential rock units; the timein which processes (such as trap formation) necessary to the accumulation of hydrocarbons took place; the critical moment in the total petroleum system; and thepreservation time, if any.A numeric code identifies each region, province, total petroleum system, and assessmentunit; these codes are uniform throughout the project and will identify the same item inany of the publications. The code is as follows
ExampleRegion, single digit
Province, three digits to the right of region code 3
Total Petroleum System, two digits to the right of province code3162
Assessment unit, two digits to the right of petroleum system code 316205
The codes for the regions and provinces are listed in Klett and others, 1997.Oil and gas reserves quoted in this report are derived from the Petroleum Exploration andProduction database (Petroconsultants, 1996) and other reports from Petroconsultants,Inc., unless otherwise noted.Figure(s) in this report that show boundaries of the total petroleum system(s), assessmentunits, and pods of active source rocks were compiled using geographic informationsystem (GIS) software. Political boundaries and cartographic representations weretaken, with permission, from Environmental Systems Research Institute's ArcWorld 1:3million digital coverage (1992), have no political significance, and are displayed forgeneral reference only. Oil and gas field centerpoints, shown on this(these) figure(s), arereproduced, with permission, from Petroconsultants, 1996.
The Domanik-Paleozoic oil-prone total petroleum system covers most of the Timan-Pechora Basin Province of northwestern Arctic Russia. It contains nearly 20 BBOEultimate recoverable reserves (66% oil). West of the province is the early PrecambrianEastern European craton margin. The province itself was the site of periodic Paleozoictectonic events, culminating with the Hercynian Uralian orogeny along its eastern border.The stratigraphic record is dominated by Paleozoic platform and shelf-edge carbonatessucceeded by Upper Permian to Triassic molasse siliciclastics that are locally present indepressions. Upper Devonian (Frasnian), deep marine shale and limestone source rocks with typically 5 wt % total organic carbon – by middle Mesozoic time had generatedhydrocarbons that migrated into reservoirs ranging in age from Ordovician to Triassic butmost focused in Devonian and Permian rocks. Carboniferous structural inversions of oldaulacogen borders, and Hercynian (Permian) to Early Cimmerian (Late Triassic to EarlyJurassic) orogenic compression not only impacted depositional patterns, but also createdand subsequently modified numerous structural traps within the province.

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