Older classification New classificationKingdom-Protista Kingdom-ProtoctistaPhylum- Protozoa Phylum- RhizopodaClass- Sarconida (Rhizopoda) Class- LobosaOrder- Amoebaea (or, Amoebina) (rest is same)Family- Chaosidae, Mayorellidae, Hartmannellidae, HyalodiscidaeGenus- AmoebaThe amoeba appears to be the simplest possible living animals, an independent cell withnucleus and cytoplasm but no permanent organelles. Movement by forming and extendingtemporary fingerlike extensions or pseudopodia (pseudo-false; pods- foot). Contractile fluidfilled vacuole and food vacuoles are present. Pseudopodia lobose, fingerlike.
(Rotatoria- wheel animalcules)A phylum of microscopic (0.04 – 2.00 mm), pseudocoelomate aquatic animals characterizedby a crown of cilia at the head end. These are used in locomotion and in some species forfeeding the crown (corona), resemble a rotating wheel when the cilia are beating. Rotifersposses jaws and are covered with a layer of chitin (the lorica). There is no circulatory systemand gas exchange occurs across the body surface. Some rotifers reproduce byparthenogenesis. On the anterior end is a retractile disc or corona (often double) rimmed withcilia. Most of the common aquatic bdelloid rotifers can usually be recognized at a glanceunder low power because of the characteristics “2-wheeled” appearance when swimming orfeeding, or by the method of crawling on the substrate. Most of the bdelloids may crawl ininchworm or leech fusion on surfaces with the corona withdrawn.
Old classificationPhylum- Aschelminthes (Trochelminthes)Class- RotatoriaNew classificationPhylum- RotiferaClass- Monogononta, (freshwater rotifers, 1 ovary, Bdelloidea- 2 ovaries)Seisonidae (marine rotifers)A. Order- Ploima(i). Family- BrachionidaeSub-family- Brachioninae Examples of genera: Keratella, Kellicottia, Brachionus etc.(ii). Family- Asplanchnidae Example of genera: Asplanchna(iii) Family- Synchaetidae Example of genera: PolyarthaB. Order- Flosculariaceae(i). Family- Testudinellidae Example of genera: Filinia
Conical in shape, outer covering or lorica box-like with polygonal facets. Fourto six spines at anterior margins while 1-2 at posterior (spine are symmetric although notnecessarily equal).
Body enclosed in a transparent box or lorica; anterior spines asymmetricallyunequal in length.