30,000In Europe, Neanderthal's have become or are becoming extinct.
20,000By now, among other places in the world, humans are in southern Greece.
15,000Descendants of people who left Africa have crossed the Bering Straits to North
anchor them to one place. Gods are seen as settled into a temple and place. Still seeing
everything as magic and their crops subject to the vicissitudes of weather, people intensify
their pleadings to the gods to help their crops grow. They sacrifice humans, sending them as
gifts to the gods.
Africa south of the Sahara in the Niger Basin in the West. The Sahara at this time is grass
and woodland with an abundance of rainfall, rivers, lakes, fish and aquatic life. People there
are growing crops and raising sheep, goats and cattle.
agriculture of others. Food surpluses are allowing a diversity of occupations to develop: soldier, farmer, craftsperson, merchant. Individual possession of land has been replacing communal possession.
kings. Priesthood is becoming distinct from working alongside others in the fields. Field
labor is described as deserved subservience to the gods. Hardship is seen as a product of
sin. People and animals are still sacrificed to gods. Floods are common and a story of a
great flood exists. Trade and wealth are pursued. Competition for power between the kings
of city-states is producing wars of conquest. The warrior tradition continues with men
dominating women. With commerce, writing develops.
and animal sacrifices continue. Egyptians have many gods but Egypt is without rain and
has no myth of a flood. The rule of Egyptian kings is claimed to be associated with the
gods. Kings are believed descended from the gods and deserving much more than common
aristocracy over those who had migrated there many centuries before. These latest migrants
are to be known as the Mycenae Greeks, who have gods similar to other Indo-Europeans,
including a father god of the sky called Zeus, whom they believe has power over the entire
instability within the royal families of Egypt have ended various dynasties, and now an
eighth dynasty of kings loses power. Two hundred years of political chaos has begun.
Common folks attack the rich and local lords assume power independent of any king.
mainland, across the ocean, to join others on Indonesian islands, bringing with them the
cultivation of rice and domesticated animals. People called Mon migrate from Central Asia
to the southern tip of Burma, where they began growing rice. People leave the Mulucca
Islands and migrate eastward to islands north of Australia.
Common people have failed to win political power, and local lords are subservient again to
one king, but common people and lords have won recognition of having an afterlife like
kings. And more importance is given by all to the goddess of justice, Ma'at.
to the city ofHaran. He builds roads, creates a postal system and sees himself as conqueror
of the world. Babylon is lush with agriculture. In the name of his god of justice,
Hammurabi gives his subjects laws about mistreatment of each other.
known as the Shang civilization, eventually to stretch four or five hundred miles. The main
concern of the Shang kings is power. They take slaves and practice human sacrifice to
please the gods they fear. Women are subservient to men. Shang kings claim to be
descended from ancestors who reside in heaven. Canals are dug for irrigation.
they conquer northern Egypt. They have horses and light-weight chariots and introduce the
Egyptians to the wheel, new musical instruments, new techniques for making bronze and
pottery, new kinds of crops, new gods and new weapons of war. The Egyptians call them
out of the mountains eastward into the Indus valley. They bring with them their sacred
hymns and oral history - stories that express their desire to please the gods, including their
god Dyaus Pitar (Sky Father).
Euphrates, and Nuzi, a thriving commercial center. They have overrun and dominate the
Assyrians. And around this time they battle the Egyptians who are still in the north around
of Mesopotamia. People from Micronesia have sailed into Melanesia, including the
Solomon and Fiji islands. Writing has appeared in Shang civilization, with characters partly
pictorial and partly phonetic, and bronze casting has developed.
running from droughts. They are pushing other tribal peoples into Asia Minor. Hittites are
overrun and begin to disappear as a recognizable people. Waves of illiterate migrants
overrun Greece, beginning a "dark age" there. Brown-skinned people begin migrating
eastward into Polynesia, to the Tonga and Samoan islands.
rule. They claim that in heaven their gods have ousted the rule of the Zhang gods. A
shortage of rainfall sends Aryan tribes from the Indus Valley to the plains of the Ganges
Valley. Aryan tribal kings have been changing from elected leaders to autocratic rulers,
allying themselves with the priesthood and associating themselves and their power with
their gods. People in western Africa are clearing portions of tropical forest with stone axes.
They plant yams, harvest fruits and palm nuts and keep goats. In eastern Africa, south of
the Sahara, cattle raising is spreading alongside people who farm.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?