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Scdl - Pgdba - Finance - Sem 2 - Mis-mcs

Scdl - Pgdba - Finance - Sem 2 - Mis-mcs

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Published by api-3762419
Production Management for semester 2 of SCDL 2003 batch Finance
Production Management for semester 2 of SCDL 2003 batch Finance

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Published by: api-3762419 on Oct 17, 2008
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05/09/2014

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MIS / MCS
Answer 1
Introduction

MIS can be defined as an integrated, user-machine system for providing information to support managerial, operational and decision making functions in an organization. According to Barry E.Cushing, MIS is \u201cA set of human and capital resources within an organization which is responsible for the collection and processing of data to produce information which is useful to all levels of management in planning and controlling the activities of an organization.\u201d For the purpose of analysis, planning, control and decision making, the system uses manual procedures, computer hardware and software, models and a data base.

Information is needed at all levels within a business organization. However its scope, content and presentation differ from one level to another. Based on the location at which information is used, it can be classified as operational, tactical and strategic information

Text
Characteristics of MIS
MIS have certain characteristic that distinguish them from other information systems. In the
following section, we discuss the salient features of a management information system.
Management Oriented
MIS is developed to increase organizational efficiency.Therefore; they need to focus on the
requirements of the managers and the overall objective of the organization.
Management Directed

Management information system can be costly and time consuming. Hence it is important that the top management understand their importance in increasing organizational efficiency which would to quicker implementation.

Integrated System

MIS is based on five factors men, money, material.machine and methods. An MIS is a combination of subsystems.Hence, it is important that MIS be viewed as an integrated system that is a combination of functional and activities subsystems.

Common data flow

Activities such as data gathering, storage, retrieval and data capturing are performed only once and data is collected from the original source. By establishing a common data flow, the system tries to minimize data processing and maximize output generation. Such integration would help in building an effective management information system.

Heavy planning element

The implementation of an MIS requires meticulous planning and design and implementation. The system should be designed such that there is perfect synchronization between hardware, software, data processing, information presentation and feedback.

Subsystem Concept

MIS consists of several subsystems that interact with each other and perform specialized tasks that may be integrated into the total system. For convenience the organization can have a hierarchy of subsystems that clearly represents the relationship between subsystems their relationship with the total system

Common database

Common database acts as an integrator between the different functional subsystems in the organization. Common database permits access to different tables by different functional subsystems. Since data requirements are different for different levels of management, the system supports one or more databases.

Flexibility
MIS is flexible and can be modified easily.Moreover; computerization is also simple because of
the structure and comprehensive nature of the system.
Answer 5
Prototyping

Prototyping is the process of rapid system development and testing of working models (prototypes) of new applications through an interactive, iterative process which is evolutionary in nature. Such system prototypes are immediately passed on to the end users to run trials and identify deficiencies, if any. After receiving feedback from the end users, necessary modifications are made in the system and they are once again passed to the end users. This iteration process would continue until an efficient, workable system is developed. Prototyping makes the developmental process faster and easier for systems analysts, especially for projects where end user requirements are difficult to define.

Steps in Prortyping process.
Step 1 Identify the users basic requirements

At this stage the systems person works with the user to understand user\u2019s basic needs/requirements as regards the output from the systems. The systems person establishes realistic user expectations, estimates the cost of developing the working prototype, defines data elements required and determines data availability.

Step 2 Develop the initial/working prototype

The system person develops the initial working /interactive prototype quickly, which meets the user\u2019s stated basic requirements. The prototype, performing only basic functions, is then handed over to the user. While developing the prototype, the systems person may use the latest software tools available to speed up application development.

Step 3 Use the prototype for further refinements

The user has already received the initial prototype, which he now puts to use. This working with the prototype enables the user to gain hands-on experience with the proposed system and helps him to determine as to what extent the prototype meets the user needs / expectations/requirements. The user, rather than the system person, decides the desired changes for further improving prototype.

Case Tools

CASE {Computer Aided Software Engineering} involves using software packages to accomplish and automate many of the activities of the information system development, including software development or programming. CASE is basically the automation of step-by-step methodologies for software and systems development to reduce the amount of repetitive work the developer/programmer needs do to. The use of CASE also helps the programmers to keep pace with the increasing sophistication in programming. The use of CASE revolutionizes the development process as it improves the design, significantly cuts down the time to design a new product and reduces the cost in the process.

System Analysis
Database Design
System Design
Tools
Tools
Tools

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