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Guidelines on Energy Efficiency of LiftnEsc Installations 2007

Guidelines on Energy Efficiency of LiftnEsc Installations 2007

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Published by George Tsagos

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Published by: George Tsagos on Oct 29, 2011
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01/10/2013

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2007 EDITION
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Guidelines on Energy Efficiency of Lift & Escalator Installations, 2007
 
i
Preface
 
The Code of Practice for Energy Efficiency of Lift & Escalator Installations
(Lift & Escalator Code)developed by the Electrical & Mechanical Services Department (EMSD) aims to set out the minimumdesign requirements on energy efficiency of lift & escalator installations. It forms a part of a set ofcomprehensive
 
Building Energy Codes
(BEC)
that addresses energy efficiency requirements in buildingservices installations. The set of comprehensive BEC covers the Lift & Escalator Code, the Codes ofPractice for Energy Efficiency of Lighting Installations, Air Conditioning Installations and ElectricalInstallations, and the Performance-based Building Energy Code.As a supplement to the Lift & Escalator Code, the EMSD has developed this handbook of Guidelineson Energy Efficiency of Lift & Escalator Installations (Guidelines). The intention of the Guidelines is toprovide guidance notes to compliance with the Lift & Escalator Code and draw attention of lift &escalator designers & operators to general recommended practices for energy efficiency andconservation on the design, operation & maintenance of lift & escalator installations. The Guidelinesseek to explain the requirements of the Lift & Escalator Code in general terms and should be read inconjunction with the Lift & Escalator Code. It is hoped that designers will not only design installationsthat would satisfy the minimum requirements stated in the Lift & Escalator Code, but also pursueabove the minimum requirements.The Guidelines were first published in 2000. With the Lift & Escalator Code upgraded to its 2005edition, an addendum for the Guidelines was issued in 2005. The Guidelines are amended in 2007 tosuit the 2007 edition of the Lift & Escalator Code.To promote the adoption of the BEC, the Hong Kong Energy Efficiency Registration Scheme forBuildings was also launched. The Registration Scheme provides the certification to a buildingcomplying with one or more of the BEC.This book of Guidelines is copyrighted and all rights (including subsequent amendments) are reserved.
Acknowledgement
In the preparation of the Guidelines, reference has been made to the following publications:a)
 
CIBSE Guide D – Transportation Systems in Buildings, CIBSEb)
 
Barney, G.C., and Dos Santos, S.M., Elevator Traffic Analysis Design and Control, Peter Peregrinus,1995 [Relevant contents quoted are: 2.8.2 (p57, 58), 3.1 (p85), 3.3.3 (p95), Table 2.3 (p51), andExamples 2.11 & 2.12 (p65 to 67)c)
 
Stawinoga, Roland, “Designing for Reduced Elevator Energy Cost”, ELEVATOR WORLD magazine,Jan 1994d)
 
Al-Sharif, Lutfi, Bunching in Lifts, ELEVATOR WORLD magazine, Jan 1996e)
 
Malinowski, John, Elevator Drive Technologies, ELEVATOR WORLD magazine, Mar 1998f)
 
Guide Notes on Elevators (Lifts) Planning, Selection and Design, 1997, Department of Public Works& Services, Australia [Relevant contents quoted are: 7. Electrohydraulic Lifts]
The Building Energy Codes, corresponding Guidelines and Registration Scheme documentsare available for download athttp://www.emsd.gov.hk/emsd/eng/pee/eersb.shtml 
Enquiry: hkeersb@emsd.gov.hk  
CHECK WEB-SITE FOR LATEST INFORMATION
 
 
Guidelines on Energy Efficiency of Lift & Escalator Installations, 2007
 
page ii of 27
 
ii
 
CONTENTS
 
1. INTRODUCTION …………………………………………………………………..12. CODE COMPLIANCE………………….……………………………………………
1
2.1 Maximum Allowable Electrical Power of Lifts, Escalators and Passenger Conveyors 12.2 Energy Management of Lifts, Escalators & Passenger Conveyors ………………… 22.3Power Quality Requirements ………………………………………………………… 2
3. CONSIDERATIONS IN DESIGN OF LIFTS & ESCALATORS…………………..…3
3.1 Factors That Affect Energy Consumption of Lift and Escalator System…………….33.2 General Principles to Achieve Energy Efficiency ……………………………………...3
4. ENERGY EFFICIENCY FOR LIFT AND ESCALATOR EQUIPMENT………………4
4.1 General ………………………………………………………………………………44.2 Traction Lift Equipment ……………………………………………………………….44.2.1 Motor Drive Control System ………………………………………………..44.2.2 Motor Drive Gears …………………………………………………………..64.2.3 Motor ……………………………………………………………………….. 74.2.4 Other Means to Reduce Running Friction .…………………………………74.3 Hydraulic Lift Equipment ……………………………………………………………84.3.1 Main Components …………………………………………………………..84.3.2 Basic Arrangements …………………………………………………………84.3.3 Valve Unit …………………………………………………………………….94.3.4 Energy Efficiency for Hydraulic Lift Equipment ……………..……………..94.4 Escalator and Passenger Conveyor Equipment ……………………………………114.4.1 Motor Drive Control System ………………………………………………..114.4.2 Motor Drive Gears and Power Transmission ……………………………….124.5 Power Quality of Equipment ………………………………………………………….124.6 VVVF Motor Drive, Energy optimizer, Service-on-demand Escalator 14
5. ENERGY EFFICIENCY FOR DESIGN OF LIFT AND ESCALATOR SYSTEM…………14
5.1 Appropriate Sizing of Vertical Transportation System ……………………………….145.2 Appropriate Zoning of Lift Installations ………………………………………………165.3 Energy Management of Lift System …………………………………………………..175.3.1 Provisions of Metering Devices ……………………………………………..175.3.2 Control Algorithm of Lift …………………………………………………175.3.3 Standby Mode of Lift Equipment …………………………………………..185.4 Energy Management of Escalator and Conveyor System …………………………. 195.4.1 Provision of Metering Devices ………………………………………………195.4.2 Standby Mode of Escalators and Conveyors ……………………………195.5 Internal Decoration of Lift Cars ……………………………………………………….195.6 Lift Traffic Design ………………………………………………………………………195.7 Handling Capacity of Lift System ……………………………………………………..21
6. HOUSEKEEPING MEASURES TO ENHANCE ENERGY EFFICIENCY
…………….
 
227. MODERNISATION OF OLD EQUIPMENT
………………………..…………………..
 
23APPENDIX I – SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR LIFT TRAFFIC ANALYSIS
……………..
25 

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