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Current Practices and Future Prospects for Organic Cereal Production: Survey and Literature Review

Current Practices and Future Prospects for Organic Cereal Production: Survey and Literature Review

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Published by OlgaBentz
Current Practices and Future Prospects for Organic Cereal Production: Survey and Literature Review
Current Practices and Future Prospects for Organic Cereal Production: Survey and Literature Review

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Published by: OlgaBentz on Oct 29, 2011
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i
RESEARCH REVIEW No. 45
CURRENT PRACTICES ANDFUTURE PROSPECTS FORORGANIC CEREAL PRODUCTION:SURVEY AND LITERATURE REVIEW
FEBRUARY 2001Price £6.00
 
ii
RESEARCH REVIEW No. 45
CURRENT PRACTICES AND FUTURE PROSPECTS FORORGANIC CEREAL PRODUCTION: SURVEY ANDLITERATURE REVIEW
byB R TAYLOR
1
, C A WATSON
1
, E A STOCKDALE
3
, R G McKINLAY
2
,D YOUNIE
1
and D A S CRANSTOUN
 
2
1
SAC Aberdeen, Ferguson Building, Craibstone Estate, Bucksburn, Aberdeen AB21 9YA
2
SAC Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JG
3
IACR Rothamsted, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQThis is the final report of a 6 month project which started in April 2000. The work was funded by agrant of £25,210 from the Home-Grown Cereals Authority (Project No 2299).
The Home-Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) has provided funding for this project but has not conductedthe research or written this report. While the authors have worked on the best information available tothem, neither HGCA nor the authors shall in any event be liable for any loss, damage or injury howsoeversuffered directly or indirectly in relation to the report or the research on which it is based.Reference herein to trade names and proprietary products without stating that they are protected does notimply that they may regarded as unprotected and thus free for general use. No endorsement of namedproducts is intended nor is any criticism implied of other alternative, but unnamed products.
 
iii
ContentsPageAbstract
1
Executive Summary
2
Acknowledgements
6
Aims and objectives
7
List of Tables
8
List of Figures
9
1.Introduction
10
2.Organic Farming Principles and Certification Schemes
122.1Principles of organic farming122.2Certification of organic farming132.2.1Legal framework132.2.2Standards for organic food production13
3.Methods Used in this Review
15
4.Review of Current Practice
164.1Markets and quality174.1.1Wheat174.1.2Barley184.1.3Oats194.2Organic cereal growing194.2.1Sources of information194.2.2.Agronomy of organic cereals204.3Survey of organic cereal crops344.3.1Farm data344.3.2Crop data384.3.3Crop yields434.4Problem areas identified by organic farming advisers44
5.Literature Review
465.1Introduction465.2Organic farming surveys485.2.1Crop yields and quality485.2.2Main problems identified495.3Crop Nutrition505.3.1Nitrogen505.3.2Other nutrients525.4Weeds545.5Pests and diseases575.6Seed605.7Plant breeding605.8Environmental implications61

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