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Table Of Contents

AUTHOR'S PREFACE
INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER I SOME PROPERTIES OF SEA WATER
Section 1. The Concept of Water Structure
Section 2. The Composition of Sec Water
Section 4. Specific Gravity, Density and Specific Volume
Section 6. Increase in Density During Mixing
Section 11. Absorption and Scattering of Solar Energy
CHAPTER II CHANGES OF TEMPERATURE AND SALINITY OF THE OCEAN
Section 12. The Processes that Change the Temperature and Salinity of the Ocean
Section 13. Solar Radiation
Section 15. Evaporation and Condensation
Section 16. Evaporation of Snow
Section 18. Convection
Section 24. Coastal Precipitation
Section 26. The Concept of the Water Balance
Section 27. The Concept of Mixing
Section 28. Frictional Mixing
Section 29. Convective Mixing
Section 30. Vertical Winter Circulation
Section 31. The Index of Freezing
Section 32. Features of Vertical Winter Circulation
Section 33. The Cold Intermediate Layer
Section 36. The Concept of Ice Formation
Section 38. Peculiarities of Ice Formation in the Sea
Section 39. Ice Formation at Positive Air Temperatures
Section 40. The Basic Varieties of Ice in the Sea
Section 41. Initial Forms of Surface Ice
Section 45. The Classification of Ice According to Origin
Section 46. Classification of Ice According to Size and Form
Section 52. Icebergs in the Soviet Arctic Seas
Section 56. Surface Brine and Salt Cell Brine
Section 57. The Amount of Brine in Sea Ice
Section 59. Composition of the Salts
Section 65. Density as a Function of Temperature and Salinity
Section 69. Radiation Properties
Section 76. The Influence of Temperature and Continuous Pressure
Section 79. Flexure of Ice Under Load
Section 80. External Friction
Section 82. The Centers of Freezing
Section 83. Ice Thickness as a Function of Air Temperature
Section 86. Ice Accretion in the Region of Ice Removal
Section 88. Temperature of Sea Ice
Section 90. Ice Accretion Due to Low Ice Temperatures
Section 91. The Deformation of on Ice Cover
Section 93. Wind Pressure on Ice Fields
Section 95. Rotation of Ice and Its Break-up
Section 97. Theoretical Concept of Ice Heaping
Section 98. The Aspects of Ice Jamming
Section 99. Littoral Ice Hummocks
Section 104. Average Ice Thickness
Section 105. Decrease in the Area of Ice with Hummocking
Section 108. Phases of Weakening and Destruction of Sea Ice
Section 109. Initial Phase of Weakening of Ice
Section 110. Snow Puddles and Lakes on Top of Ice
Section 111. Circulation of Water Caused by Ice
Section 112. Second Phase of Weakening of Ice
Section 114. Breaking of Ice During Melting
Section 115. Radiation and Thermal Effect of Air on thie Ice
Section 116. Melting of Ice from the Top
Section 117. Melting of Ice Due to Thermal Action of Water
Section 119. Certain Peculiarities of the Tides
Section 120. Influence of Ice on Tidal Phenomena
Section 122. Tidal Cracks (Treshchiny)
Section 123. Tidal Variations in Level and Stamukhi
Section 124. Tidal Movements of Sea Ice
Section 125. Pressing Together and Thinning Out of Ice
Section 126. The Concept of Ice Time
Section 127. Significance of Tidal Pfienomena in Navigation in Ice
Section 129. Certain Peculiarities of Sea Currents
Section 130. Movement of Ice in Sea Currents
Section 131. Currents and Fast Ice
CHAPTER XI WIND AND THE DRIFT OF ICE
Section 132. The Wind Drift of Ice
Secfion 134. The Combined Influence of Winds and Currents
Section 135. Drift Along the Isobars
Section 137. Comparison of the Computed end Observed Drifts
Section 139. The Drift of on Isolated Ice Floe
Section 140. The Drift of Scattered Ice
142. Compressive and Dispersive Winds
CIRCULATION OF WATER AND ICE OF THE ARCTIC BASIN
Section 145. Coastal Siberian Waters
Section 146. Arctic Surface Water
Section 149. Drift of Vessels and Buoys
Section 150. Atmospheric Pressure Over the Arctic Basin
Section 152. Variation in Ice Circulation From Year to Year
Section 153. Ice Circulation in the White Sea*
Section 155. Seasonal Fluctuations
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Arctic Ice (1963)

Arctic Ice (1963)

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Published by: madyokky on Oct 30, 2011
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