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Table Of Contents

1.0 Introduction
2.2 Australia
2.3 Germany
2.4 New Zealand
2.5 Spain
2.6 USA (New Mexico)
2.7 Zimbabwe
2.8 Other countries
3.1 Outline
3.2 Soil Specification
3.2.1 Colour
3.2.2 Particle Size Distribution
3.2.2.1 Ideal Distribution
3.2.2.2 Test Procedures
3.2.2.3 Selection criteria for Natural Rammed Earth
3.2.2.4 Selection criteria for Cement Stabilized Rammed Earth
3.2.3 Plasticity
3.3 Properties of Natural Rammed Earth
3.3.1 Dry Density
3.3.2 Mechanical Strength
3.3.2.1 Compressive Strength
(a) Field Tests
(b) Laboratory Tests
(c) Field Testing Walls
3.3.2.2 Tensile Strength
3.3.2.3 Bending Strength
3.3.2.4 Shear Strength
3.3.3 Durability
3.3.3.1 Rainfall erosion
3.3.4 Shrinkage
3.3.5 Surface Finish and Texture
3.3.6 Thermal Properties
3.4 Properties of Stabilised Rammed Earth
4.2 Structural Performance Requirements
4.2.1.1 Compressive Strength Design
4.2.1.2 Flexural Bending Strength
4.2.2.3 Water Penetration & Frost Resistance
4.3 Structural Design of Rammed Earth
4.3.2 Combined Compression and Bending
4.3.3 Concentrated Compression Loads
4.3.4 Out-of-plane Flexural Capacity of Walls
4.3.4.1 Out-of-plane horizontal bending
4.3.4.2 Out of plane vertical bending
5.1.2.3 Sunlight Direction
5.1.2.4 Wind
5.1.3 Architectural Plans
5.2 Details
5.2.1 Outline
5.2.2 Openings
5.2.2.1 Frame Fixings
5.2.2.2 Lintels
5.2.4 Services
5.2.5 Non-structural wall fixings
5.3 Conclusions
6.1 Soil Preparation
6.1.1 Outline
6.1.2 Excavation
6.1.3 Screening
6.1.4 Pulverization
6.1.5 Stockpiling
6.1.6 Mixing
6.2 Formwork
6.2.1 General Considerations
6.2.2 Traditional Formwork
6.2.3 Modern Formwork
6.2.3.1 Small-units Formwork
(a) Horizontally Sliding Crawler Formwork
(b) Vertically Sliding Formwork
(a) Australian Forming System
(b) California Forming System
(b) Curved Formwork
(c) Formwork for Openings
(d) Battered Formwork
(e) Permanent Formwork
6.2.4 Organisation
6.3 Soil Compaction
6.3.1 Dynamic Compaction
6.3.1.1 Manual Compaction
6.3.1.2 Pneumatic Compaction
6.3.2 Vibrating Plate Compaction
6.3.3 Compactive effort
6.3.4 Horizontal Joints
6.4 Productivity
9.2.2.2 Repair of Structural Defects
(a) Bulging
(b) Shrinkage Cracking and Spalling
(c) Structural Cracking and Underscour
9.2.3 Renovation of Old Earth Buildings
9.3 Conclusions
10.1 Scope
10.2 Project Descriptions
10.2.1 Rammed Chalk Buildings, Hampshire
10.2.2 Amesbury Houses, Wiltshire
10.2.3 Holly Howe/Warburg Nature Reserve, Oxfordshire
10.2.4 Dragons Retreat, Devon
10.2.5 Visitors Centre, Eden Project, Cornwall
10.2.6 Woodley Park Centre for Sports & Arts, Lancashire
10.2.7 AtEIC Building/Centre for Alternative Technology, Powys
10.2.9 Jasmine Cottage, Norfolk
10.2.10 Sutton Courtenay Environmental Education Centre, Oxfordshire
10.2.11 Sheepdrove Organic Farm, Berkshire
10.3.1 Codes of practice
10.3.2 Materials
10.3.3 Structural design
10.3.4 Architectural design & detailing
10.3.5 Construction
10.3.6 Quality Control
10.3.7 Foundations
10.3.8 Maintenance and Repair
10.3.9 Planning & Building Control
10.3.10 Financial aspects
10.3.11 Other observations
11.1 Final Conclusions
11.2 National Codes
11.3 Materials
11.4 Structural Design
11.5 Architectural Design & Detailing
11.6 Construction
11.7 Quality Control
11.8 Foundations
11.9 Maintenance & Repairs
11.10 Project Review Key Points
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Published by: tangxaydung on Oct 30, 2011
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