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Quayside Cranes and Cargo Handling
See also Appendix One - Canals, rivers and coastal shipping for more information on coastal shipping, river and canal barges (includes a description of standard markings and flags used)and Appendix One - Fishing boats and ports for more on the fishing industry and port facilities.Dock side cranes are discussed below but also see Wagon Loads & Materials Handling - Materials Handling - Hoists and Cranes and Materials Handling - Crane Hooks and Lifting Aids for more on cranes and cargo handling gear.
People consider dock cranes to be a problem, and the modern type with its tall tower andlightweight construction would be difficult to produce convincingly. Not all docks used their owncranes of course, in smaller ports the ships would use their own derricks or deck mountedcranes. Cranes of various kinds have been fitted to ships since the 1960's but as alreadymentioned for general cargo work the traditional ships 'derrick' is better.The two examples shown below are suggested as the best option for modelling, both beingquite straightforward to construct (the Ratio OO scale lattice mast LNER signals are handy forthis kind of thing in N). The small crane on the left is a hydraulic crane, on the right a largerelectric type, both were in service in the early 1930s and both types were still in use in the1950s, later in the case of the electric example.
Fig ___ Easy to model dock cranes
Docks used every type of crane available, including man-powered, hydraulic, steam andelectric types. Small hand powered and steam rail mounted cranes were used for quays withno fixed cranes, they came in handy for unloading barges or small coastal craft and for movinglarger items about the dock area. If using a steam crane, such as the one in Liverpool's AlbertDock Museum, don't forget the coal bunker somewhere nearby.The problem of reaching over ships sides generally lead to tall cranes, however there werealternatives, the example below is sketched from a small self propelled steam crane in use on