She is Safiyyah bint Huyay bin Akhtab bin Sa\u2019yah (Sa\u2019nah) bin Tha\u2019labah
Her real name was Zaynab, but she was known by the nickname of
(c. 610 or 612 \u2013 c. 670-674) Safiyya was born in Medina
died at 60
married the prophet at 17
wife of the prophet
from Jewish tribe
battle of khaybar\u2014her husband was killed
She was an honourable and intelligent woman of noble lineage and
possessing great beauty
She was a Jewish woman captured from the Banu Nadir tribe at age
17, who became Prophet Muhammed\u2019s Wife.
She was titled "Mother of the Believers
Huyayy ibn Akhtab Huyayy ibn Akhtab(
century of Medina,now in Saudi Arabia, there were two other major
Jewish tribes: Banu Qurayza and Banu Qaynuqa
When the Banu Nadir were expelled from Medina in 625, her family
settled in Khaybar, an oasis (oasis is an isolated area of vegetation in a
desert, typically surrounding a spring or similar water source. The
location of oases has been of critical importance for trade and
transportation routes in desert areas. Caravans must travel via oases so
that supplies of water and food can be replenished. Thus, political or
military control of an oasis has in many cases meant control of trade on
a particular route.) near Medina. Banu Nadir settled outside the city of
Yathrib, now Medina, because of the Roman persecutions of the Jews in
Her mother, Barra bint Samawal, was from the Banu Qurayza tribe. Barra
came from a very distinguished family from among the Jews of Arabia. She
was from the Banu Quraza tribe
relations with Arab merchants of Mecca. Their fortresses were located half
a day's march to the south of Medina. Banu Nadir were wealthy and were
lived in some of the best lands in Medina.
At one occasion, he had a discussion with Prophet Muhammad upon the
mystical letters beginning some of the suras in the Quran
At first, when his tribe, the Banu Nadir were located at Medina, Huyayy's
hostility to Muhammad was not pronounced
When Abu Sufyan, the Quraysh leader and an enemy of Propeht Muhammad,
presented himself before Huyayy's house, he, fearing to compromise
himself, refused to admit him.
But he was to become the most inveterate enemy of Prophet, so that Ibn
Hisham, Prophet Muhammad's biographer, calls him "the enemy of Allah."
But when the Jews, driven by the Muslims from Medina, settled at Khaibar,
Huyayy incited them, with the Arab tribes of Quraish and Ghatafan, into
active revolt against Prophet Muhammad, resulting in the Battle of the
Trench in 627
When Huyayy came to Ka\u2019b ibn As\u2019ad, the chief of the Banu Quraiza, the
latter, having sworn allegiance to Muhammad , hesitated to receive him; but
Huyayy convinced him of the danger which threatened the Jews from
Mohammed, and induced the Banu Qurayza to support him.
killed them in the market-place. When Huyayy was brought before
Mohammed, he said to him:
"I reproach not myself for having carried on war against thee."
Her father and brother went from Khaybar to join the Meccan and Bedouin
forces besieging Muhammad in Medina during the Battle of the Trench.
When the Meccans withdrew and Prophet Muhammad besieged the Banu
Qurayza, Huyayy and his son fought alongside the latter. In the ensuing
massacre both were killed by Muhammad's followers, together with all the
men of the Banu Qurayza.
Huyayy, like most of the other Jews, was deeply disappointed that the last
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was a descendant of
Isma'il and not of Ishaq, (the two sons of the Prophet Ibrahim, peace be
upon them), since the Jews of that time claimed exclusive descent from
Ishaq, through the twelve sons of his son Ya'qub (who was also known as
Israel), from whom the twelve tribes of Israel had originated. Not only did
Huyayy resent the fact that the last Prophet had appeared amongst the
Arabs, but also he did not want to lose his position of power and leadership
It was for these reasons that Huyayy secretly decided to oppose and fight the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) while in public he and the other leaders of the Jews made peace treaties with the Muslims and the Jews broke as soon as it seemed a favorable time to do so
He was treasurer of the Banu Nadir; she was about 17 years old at that
century Arabia and an opponent of Prophet Muhammad; son of the poet al- Rabi ibn Abu al-Huqayq , who flourished at Medina in the seventh century, prior to the appearance of Prophet Muhammad at that town. He had two
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