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Published by api-3817353
This is the lecture on eof PHR-102
This is the lecture on eof PHR-102

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Published by: api-3817353 on Oct 17, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Pharmacognosy is a branch of pharmacy which deals with the basic resources of medicines from nature (plant & animal) and their uses as medicaments from ancient time to present day.

\u2022Pharmacognosy is derived from two Greek words,
Pharmakon& Gnosis
\u2022Pharmakon \u2013 means\u2018dru g\u2019.
\u2022Gnosis \u2013 means\u2018kno wledg e\u2019.
\u2022In brief, Pharmacognosy means \u2018knowledge of drugs\u2019.
\ue000It is a study of drugs that originate in the plant & animal
\u2022At present pharmacognosy involves not only thecrude
drugs but also their natural derivatives (pure compounds
or constituents).
\u2022Digitalis leaf and its isolated glycoside,d ig itoxin; Rauwolfia
root and its purified alkaloid,reserpine; and thyroid gland
with its extracted hormone,thy roxine, are all part of the
subject matter of pharmacognosy.
Pharmacognosy may be defined as an important branch

of Pharmacy which deals with the study of structural, physical, chemical, biochemical and sensory characters of natural drugs of plant and animal origin.It also includes

a study of their history, distribution, cultivation,
preservation, use and commerce.
Pharmacognosy- Hist o ry

\u2022The first or beginning of pre-history on use of medicinal plants or herbs or animals, and the place where and how used were not well known, and those information were unwritten for a long time. As a result, the pre-history on herbs was almost lost.

\u2022However, some information was recorded by oral
transmission from generation to generation.
History of pharmacognosy is actually the history of
medicine that is medicinal plants.

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