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Level3 Tutorial

Level3 Tutorial

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Published by: api-3818072 on Oct 17, 2008
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03/18/2014

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I.E.E.E. R.A.I.T.
AN ATTEMPT TO EXPLAIN THE AUTONOMOUS
ROBOTICS (LINE FOLLOWING)\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026\u2026
By Santosh Sonawane
T.E.(COMP) R.A.I.T.
Index:
INTRODUCTION

-what is autonomous robotics
-hardware and software
- block diagram

HARDWARE
1)Components required (in general)
Steps of developing robot and the circuits:

2)Sensors
3)Microcontroller
4)Driver Board

Mechanical hardware

5)Motors
6)Chassis
7)Other (Task Specific)

SOFTWARE

1)Language Selection
2)Program logic-----explains complete basis of a Line Follower
3)Writing Code (C considered here)
4)Compiling
5)Writing our code into the Microcontroller
6)Debugging
7)Simulating

BUILDING A PROGRAMMER FOR YOUR MUC
PHOTOS OF MY LEVEL 3 AUTONOMOUS CAR
INTRODUCTION:
What is autonomous robotics-----------------

From longer times it has been an human attempt to automate every appliance to reduce
the tensions\u2026.Thus the desire to design a robot replacing humans in undesirable or
dangerous jobs, and reducing the expenditure on manpower has led to the branch of
autonomous robotics\u2026Today we have been able to build Asimov \u2013an autonomous full
fledged robot\u2026. .

Basically robot can be defined as \u201cA versatile mechanical device equipped with actuators and sensors under the control of a computing system\u201d. Russell and Norvig define it as "an active, artificial agent whose environment is the physical world."

Our autonomous competitions aim at developing a \u201cSelf contained vehicle which when
kept on the track should completely by itself travel along the track correctly\u201d
Hardware and Software----------

Since we have to build an intelligent robot we are bound to have some software which
will control the hardware..(we can make completely hardwired autonomous robots)
Taking it analogous to human beings \u201cConsider our body as Hardware and the control
signals generated by our brains as software ..Thus when we seeso meth in g(Silver line)
ourE yes (Sensors) receive rays of light (input) from the object.This input is fed to our
Brain(Microcontroller)\u2026whichan al yses (software) these input and send signals(control
signals to output) to our legs(output device like motors)..This is how we (autonomous
vehicles) move\u2026

Above discussion would have certainly explained how software and hardware are
required for autonomous robotics\u2026
Block Diagram-------------------
Block 1:Here we have sensors which are sensitive to the presence or absence of the
object(here silver line or mirrors or fire) which produce output accordingly and are fed to
the next stage
Block 2:Output from sensors act as input to this stage.It basically consists of a device
able to analyse the input and generate output like microcontroller or computer.
Block 3:The output generated by microcontroller is suppose to drive motors(in our
case)but the power requirement of motors is higher than the output from muc..So we
want an external power supply to supply current to the motorsin accordance with the
muc output.
Block 4:This is basically the mechanical part consisting of motors which drive the
system.

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