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Ocean Color Poster

Ocean Color Poster

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Published by earthandlife

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: earthandlife on Oct 31, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial No-derivs

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06/15/2012

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Sustained Ocean Color Research and Operations
What are the minimum requirements to continue the SeaWiFS/MODIS time-series? 
Based on a National Research Council report by the Ocean Studies BoardMay 2011
James A. Yoder, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution;
D. Antoine,Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche; C. Del Castillo, Johns HopkinsUniversity; R.H. Evans, University of Miami; C. Mengelt, National Academyof Sciences; C. Mobley, Sequoia Scientic Inc., Bellevue, Washington;J.L. Sarmiento, Princeton University; S. Sathyendranath, DalhousieUniversity, Dartmouth; C.F. Schueler, Orbital Sciences Corporation,Santa Barbara; D.A. Siegel, University of California, Santa Barbara;C. Wilson, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
 
The United States is at risk of losing access to oceancolor data because SeaWiFS has ceased operation,MODIS is aging and planned new U.S. satellitemissions might not meet accuracy requirements forclimate/research quality data (see Figure 1).Ocean color refers to the technique of measuringwater-leaving spectral radiance from the ocean,which is used to determine ocean phytoplanktonbiomass and other biogeochemical constituents of ocean waters.Given the importance of maintaining the oceancolor time-series for (A) determining impacts of climate change on global phytoplankton abundance,(B) determining primary production in relationto the ocean carbon and other cycles and forecosystem-based management, (C) determiningrole of phytoplankton absorption for upper oceanheat uxes, (D) monitoring harmful algal blooms,(E) for Naval operations and for (F) oil spillmonitoring; NOAA, NASA, NSF, and ONR askedthe National Research Council (NRC) to convene acommittee of experts to identify options to minimizethe risk of a data gap (see Box 6).Here we summarize the NRC report’s ndings (seeBox 2).
Acronym List
ACE Aerosol-Cloud-EcosystemsCZCS Coastal Zone Color ScannerGCOM-C Global Change Observation Mission forClimate ResearchGEOCAPE Geostationary Coastal and Air PollutionEventsGLI Global ImagerHyspIRI Hyperspectral Infrared ImagerJPSS Joint Polar Satellite SystemMERIS Medium-Resolution Imaging SpectrometerMODIS Moderate Resolution ImagingSpectroradiometerNASA National Aeronautics and SpaceAdministrationNOAA National Oceanic and AtmosphericAdministrationNPP NPOESS Preparatory ProjectNSF National Science FoundationOCM Ocean Colour MonitorOCM-2 Ocean Colour Monitor on-boardOceansat-2OCTS Ocean Color and Temperature ScannerOLCI Ocean Land Colour InstrumentONR Ofce of Naval ResearchPACE Pre-Aerosol-Clouds-EcosystemS-GLI Second-Generation Global ImagerSeaWiFS Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view SensorVIIRS Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite

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