DATA WAREHOUSING QUESTIONS
1. Explain: Data warehouseData warehousing is a relational database that is designed for querying, analyzing rather than transaction processing. Itcontains historical data that is derived from the transaction data; it’s included from other resources. The data warehouseenvironment includes an extraction, transformation and loading, on line analytical processing, client analysis tools andother application that manages and gathering data deliver to business users.Characteristics of Data warehouse
Data warehouses are designed to help you analyze your data. For example, you might want to learn moreabout your company’s sales data. To do this, you could build a warehouse concentrating on sales. In thiswarehouse, you could answer questions like "Who was our best customer for this item last year?" This kind of focus on a topic, sales in this case, is what subject oriented means.
Integration is closely related to subject orientation. Data warehouses need to have the data from disparate sources putinto a consistent format. This means that naming conflicts have to be resolved and problems like data being in differentunits of measure must be resolved.
Nonvolatile means that the data should not change once entered into the warehouse. This is logical because thepurpose of a warehouse is to analyze what has occurred.Time VariantMost business analysis requires analyzing trends. Because of this, analysts tend to need large amounts of data. This isvery much in contrast to OLTP systems, where performance requirements demand that historical data be moved to anarchive.2. Data warehousing Architecture?3. Define data mart?Data mart is a logical subset of data warehouse. It’s designed for focusing on the particular area. (It is an in depth of one particular subject area. Ex: Sales information. Production)It consists of two types: independent data mart, dependent data mart.4. Define independent data mart?We are taking the data from the OLTP system or operational systems that is called independent data mart.5. Define dependent data mart?We are taking the data from the OLAP system that is called dependent data mart.6. Data warehouse goals?