WORKING PAPER – DO NOT CITE WITHOUT PERMISSION FROM AUTHORS © 2011
Views from the height encompass the entire Larnaka Bay from Cape Kiti to Cape Pyla,which may account for the modern toponym of the site
, the “watch post.” It is possiblethat this height is the place called
in Ptolemy the Geographer’s description of Cyprus andlocated to the east of Kition, alluding to the use of torches to communicate the approach of shipsfrom lookout positions along the coast.
The strategic location of the height is suitable for amilitary installation, and a published a collection of inscribed lead sling pellets found by looterswould seem to confirm this.
Our work at the site has produced evidence for a fortification walland settlement of Hellenistic date that is most likely associated with a garrison.The initial research method used to document the archaeological remains from the Pylaregion was intensive pedestrian survey.
The field walking at
produced exceptionally highartifact densities between 11,000 and 15,000 artifacts per ha.(fig. 2). The assemblage from thesurvey was also exceedingly diverse with our sample of 1,000 artifacts representing over 50different types of ceramics (chronotypes) spanning 16 periods. Abundant Hellenistic material inthe surface of
points to occupation during the important transition between the independentcities of the Cypro-Classical period and Roman control of the island.
presented a robustand diverse assemblage of material that included large quantities of kitchen wares as well as finewares, amphoras, and medium coarse and coarse utility wares.The topography of
and dense carpet of artifacts made the plateau an ideal location for geophysical survey. In 2007, 2008, and 2009, the PKAP team used electrical resistivity andground penetrating radar at the site. The geophysical work produced evidence for a number of
I. Nicolaou, “Inscriptiones Cypriae Alphadeticae XVI,”
(1977), 209-216; I. Nicolaou, “InscriptionesCypriae Alphadeticae XVIII, 1978,”
(1979), 344-351;I. Nicolaou, “Inscriptiones Cypriae Alphadeticae XIX,1979,”
We have documented our methods extensively in our preliminary reports. See Caraher