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'E-waste management: its effect on human health and environment'

'E-waste management: its effect on human health and environment'

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Published by Prafulla Rana
this paper deals with the facts of e-waste, its generation, movement, effects on the human health as well as the environment. moreover it reflects upon the proper process of management and various options those are available for this e-waste management. it focuses on the illegal shipping of e-waste materials from the European countries and the U.S.A to the developing countries along with describing the regulating policies of the Basel convention to curb such illegal act.
this paper deals with the facts of e-waste, its generation, movement, effects on the human health as well as the environment. moreover it reflects upon the proper process of management and various options those are available for this e-waste management. it focuses on the illegal shipping of e-waste materials from the European countries and the U.S.A to the developing countries along with describing the regulating policies of the Basel convention to curb such illegal act.

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Published by: Prafulla Rana on Nov 01, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/24/2013

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‘THE
E-WASTE AND ITS EFFECT ON THE HUMAN HEALTH & ENVIRONMENT
 
2011
 
Course: Ecology and SocietyAssignment
 –
1 : Term PaperSubmitted to the Course Teacher: Prof. Tiplut Nongbri 
 
Abstracts:
E-waste is the abbreviation of the waste electrical and electronics equipments. These arethe gadgets that are used by the people in their day to day life. Once their life gets over orthese equipments go out of order, they are immediately replaced with the newer ones. Inother cases these items are even get replaced just to get the latest version of the facility. Forexample, the mobile and the television sets are being replaced for this purpose only. Hardlyis it concerned what those items make once these are disposed of. But these e-wastes posea great danger as most of these items are consist of harmful elements like lead, cadmium,bromine and mercury which are capable of causing a lot of damage to the human body if getexposed for a considerable period of time.Another problem that these items possess is the same amount of danger to theenvironment as well. It is because these waste materials consume a significant portion of space as keep on lying for a long period of time as these are not at all bio-degradable. Andmost of the harmful elements leach into the soil causing both land as well as waterpollution. The problem came into the fore as most of the western countries including U.S.Astarted replacing rapidly their electronic gadgets and disposed them in the coasts of thedeveloping countries of South Asia, India and China in the name of recycling. It is becausethese countries have the cheap labour and adequate recycling facility. But the recyclingprocess not being of the scientific type, it adds only to the degradation of environment. Theperfect example is the area of Guiyu of China.After all, these e-waste materials are the emerging threat to both the human beings and theenvironment which are needed to be taken care at the earliest. This paper deals with someof the basic concepts like what is e-waste, why and how these wastes are created, what aregenerally done to these e-waste materials as well as the methods that should be applied forthe management of these wastes.
 
Contents:
The Chapters: pages.
 
1.
 
Chapter 1: introduction 11.1: What is E-waste..? 11.2: Classification of e-waste 11.3: Why is the e-waste? 31.4: What is generally done with these e-waste materials! 42.
 
Chapter 2: Effects on environment and human health 43.
 
Chapter 3: E-waste and the world scenario 63.1: Minimizing hazardous wastes: birth of the Basel convention 64.
 
Chapter 4: Indian Scenario 74.1: E-Parisaraa - The first e-waste management institution in India. 85.
 
Chapter 5: Management of e-wastes: 95.1: Inventory management 95.2: Production-process modification 95.3: Volume reduction 115.4: Recovery and reuse 115.5: Sustainable product design 116.
 
Chapter 6: Preventory options to tackle the e-wastes 126.1: Responsibilities of the Government 126.2: Responsibility and Role of industries 136.3: Responsibilities of the Citizen 147.
 
Conclusion 148.
 
References 16
Contents of figure:
1.
 
Composition of the total E-waste product 3
Contents of table:
2.
 
Table 1: E-waste materials and their effect on the human health 5

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