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Italian Ll

Italian Ll

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Published by Donnette Davis
Learning foreign languages, simple phrases, words and grammar.
Learning foreign languages, simple phrases, words and grammar.

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Published by: Donnette Davis on Oct 18, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/02/2010

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41. Stare
 Stare-to stay, besto stiamostai statesta stanno
Stare
means
to be 
when used in progressive tense. If you use it with a present participle, it translatesto something is happening, not something happens as with the present indicative.Stare is also used in many health expressions, such as
Come stai?
How are you?
Sto bene.
I'mfine.And
stare per 
plus an infinitive means "to be about to" do something.
Stavo per uscire.
I was aboutto go out.
Stiamo per mangiare.
We're about to eat.
42. Present Participles
 Present participles are formed by dropping the ending of the verb, and adding the following endings tothe stem:Present Participles-are
-ando
 -ere
-endo
 -ire
-endo
 Conjugate stare and form the present participle, and you have a progressive action.
Sto parlandoitaliano
is
I am speaking Italian 
. (As opposed to
Parlo italiano
I speak Italian.
) There are only a fewirregular present participles: fare-
facendo
(doing), dare-
dando
(giving), dire-
dicendo
(say/telling), andbere-
bevendo
(drinking).
43. Imperfect Tense
 The imperfect tense is also called the past descriptive tense and corresponds to
was doing 
or
used to do 
in English. The imperfect is used to describe a continued or habitual action in the past, or todescribe an action that was occuring in the past, while something else happened. Time, age, weatherconditions as well as mental and physical conditions are all expressed in the imperfect rather the pastindefinite tense.
 
The imperfect in Italian has the same ending for all three verb groups. It is formed by dropping the -reof the infinitive and adding the following endings:-vo-vamo-vi-vate-va-vanoAvere is regular in the imperfect, but essere, bere, dire and fare are irregular. The stem of esserebecomes
er-
for the singular endings, and it does not take the
v
, while the stem for the plural endingsis
era-
and it does take the
v
. The stems for bere, dire and fare are derived from the old Latininfinitives, and are
beve-
,
dice-
, and
face-
and they take the regular endings of the imperfect.
Avevo fame.
I was hungry.
Era tardi.
It was late.
Non diceva niente.
He wasn't saying anything.
Aspettavamo in fila.
We were waiting in line.
Prendevo sempre l'autobus.
I always take the bus.
44. Places
 market il mercatorestaurant il ristorantehotel l'albergosquare la piazzastore il negoziolibrary la bibliotecastadium il stadiomovie theateril cinemachurch la chiesamuseum il museobeach la spiaggiapark il parcohospital l'ospedalepost office l'ufficio postalebakery il panificiopharmacy la farmacia
45. Transportation
 bus l'autobusautomobilel'automobilecar la macchinatrain il trenoship la nave
 
airplane l'aeroplanoboat la barcamotorcyclela motociclettaon foot a piediNote: To say
by 
bus, car, etc., use
in
and leave off the
il, la,
and
l'.
 
46. To Want, to Be Able to, to Have to
 
volere-to want potere-to be able to, candovere-to have to, must
voglio vogliamo posso possiamo devo (debbo)dobbiamovuoi volete puoi potete devi dovetevuole vogliono può possono deve devono (debbono)
47. Asking Questions
 The easiest way to ask a question is to simply add a question mark to the end of the statement.You can also put the subject at the end of the sentence.
Il ragazzo mangia la pizza
becomes
Mangiala pizza, il ragazzo?
 Or, if you're speaking to a Sardinian, you can put the verb at the end of the sentence.
Parlafrancese?
can become
Francese parla?
Does he/she speak French? 
 
48. House and Furniture
 house la casaroof il tettokitchen la cucinaroom la stanzabathroom il bagnodining room la sala da pranzoterrace la terrazzabalcony il balconetable la tavolawall la parate/il murodoor la portachair la sediatelephone il telefonotelevision la televisionewindow la finestra

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