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How to Type Khmer Unicode En

How to Type Khmer Unicode En

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Published by: api-3822950 on Oct 18, 2008
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 How to type Khmer Unicode
 
1
 
ៃ
 
19
 
© 2004 Open Forum of Cambodia support@khmeros.info Version 1.0 Printed on: 28/06/2005
How to Type Khmer Unicode
If you have used the old-style Khmer fonts (Lemon, Battambang, ABC, etc.) before, it will takeyou very little time to get used to the new fonts (Unicode fonts). In only one or two days you willbe typing faster than before.Unicode is not just one more font. Unicode is the new International standard for Khmer.Computers all around the world will understand Khmer language when typed using Unicode fonts.Unicode is also the new standard of the Cambodian Government. In a few years all the old fontswill be forgotten, and all texts will be in Unicode.All Unicode fonts have the same encoding, meaning that once a text is typed in a Unicode font, itcan be changed to any other Unicode font, and the text will remain exactly the same, somethingthat did not happens with the old fonts.One of the most important differences between the old of typing and Unicode is that when usingthe new fonts, there is a key in the keyboard for each vowel, including
េ◌
,
េ◌
,
េ◌
,
េ◌
,
េ◌
,
 ាំ
,
េ◌ះ
, etc. In Unicode you type the letters as they are in Khmer, not some parts of them first andthen the rest. And most important, you type them in the order that they are spelled, not from leftto right, as you would write them by hand. As an example, if you wanted to type the word
េល
 with the old fonts, you had to write
+
+
◌ី
,
With the new fonts you would type
+
េ◌
 
You can see that not only the keys that you type are different; you also type first the consonantand then the vowel, as if you were spelling the word (LO... SRA OE).
 
 How to type Khmer Unicode
 
2
 
ៃ
 
19
 
© 2004 Open Forum of Cambodia support@khmeros.info Version 1.0 Printed on: 28/06/2005
Another big novelty in the new way of typing is that the coeng consonants are not in the keyboard,In order to write them, you need to use two different keys: a key to indicate the followingconsonant is a coeng consonant, and then the normal key for that consonant. For example, towrite the word
  ី
, you need to type:
+
◌្
+
+
◌ី
 
This is done this way in order to type faster, and so that you do not need to remember thesituation in the keyboard of all the coeng consonants.But these are just some examples to introduce you to the new way of typing. We will now startfrom the beginning and go through all the details one by one, starting by looking at the Khmerletters themselves.
 
 How to type Khmer Unicode
 
3
 
ៃ
 
19
 
© 2004 Open Forum of Cambodia support@khmeros.info Version 1.0 Printed on: 28/06/2005
Khmer Consonants, Vowels and signs
Consonants
:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Independent Vowels
Modern Khmer has 14 independent vowels:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dependent Vowels
The Chuon Nat dictionary, a classic referencefor Khmer, lists 20 vowels:
 ា
 
  ិ
 
 ី 
 
 ឹ 
 
 ឺ 
 
  ុ
 
  ូ
 
  ួ
 
េ◌ 
 
េ◌ 
 
េ◌ 
 
 
 
 
េ◌
 
េ◌
 
 ុ  ំ
 
  ំ
 
 ាំ
 
 
Nevertheless, the modern Khmer system taught in schools liststhree more vowels, raising the number to 23. These vowels – alsoincluded in the keyboard - are:
 ុ
 
េះ
 
េ◌ះ
 There are other combinations that – following the same criteria –(combining a vowel with the REAHMUK mark) could also beconsidered as vowels, but they are not considered as such by anysource, so they are not included in the keyboard. The have to bewritten with two keystrokes. They are:
  ី
 
  ឹ
 
ែះ
 

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