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Deploying DHCP

Deploying DHCP

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CHAPTER 2

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) in the Microsoft\u00ae Windows\u00ae Server 2003 family of operating
systems enables centralized automatic management of IP addresses and other TCP/IP settings for network
clients. You can reduce administrative overhead in your organization by designing and implementing a reliable
and scalable DHCP solution.

In This Chapter

Overview of DHCP Deployment................................................................ ............. 70 Creating Your DHCP Server Design................................................................ . . . . . . . . 72 Integrating DHCP with Other Services.......................................................... . . . . . . . . . 81 Defining Scopes........................................................................... ......................... 84 Implementing Your DHCP Solution...................................................................... ... 95 Example DHCP Implementation.............................................. ............................ 102 Additional Resources.............................................................................. ............. 110

Related Information
\u2022For more information about Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), see the
Networking Guide of the Microsoft\u00ae Windows\u00ae Server 2003 Resource Kit (or see the
Networking Guide on the Web at http://www.microsoft.com/reskit).
\u2022For more information about integrating DHCP with Domain Name System (DNS), see
\u201cDeploying DNS\u201d in this book.
\u2022For more information about integrating DHCP with Windows Internet Name Service (WINS),
see \u201cDeploying WINS\u201d in this book.
Deploying DHCP
70 Chapter 2 Deploying DHCP
Overview of DHCP Deployment

Valid IP addresses and other network options must be configured for all computers and other devices on the network, such as printers, in a corporate network. Manually configuring this information is a time-consuming process that adds significant costs to an organization and is susceptible to user error.

Windows Server 2003 Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) reduces the complexity and
administrative overhead involved in managing network client IP addressing and configuration. DHCP allows
you to assign IP addresses to network clients automatically and dynamically, as needed, and to automate,
centralize, and simplify IP address and option configuration and distribution across your network. This protects
against common configuration errors that occur when values are entered manually at each computer and helps to
prevent address conflicts.

By using DHCP options, you can configure DHCP servers to supply a full range of configuration values when
assigning a DHCP lease, allowing you to configure a large number of computers at one time, and to change
configuration as necessary.

Different types of organizations can benefit from the automation and centralization that Windows Server 2003
DHCP provides, including:
\u2022Organizations in which administrators are responsible for configuring IP addresses and options
for a large number of devices.
\u2022Organizations that include a large population of mobile users or network configurations that
frequently change.
\u2022Organizations that already use versions of DHCP earlier than Microsoft\u00ae Windows\u00ae 2000,
which can benefit from the added functionality of Windows Server 2003 DHCP by upgrading
their DHCP deployment.

If you are deploying DHCP in a new Windows Server 2003 environment, begin your deployment process by
creating a design for your DHCP servers. When you have completed all of the design steps for your DHCP
infrastructure, you can implement your DHCP solution by configuring your DHCP servers. If you are upgrading
your existing DHCP infrastructure to Windows Server 2003, begin by reviewing your current DHCP design and
modifying it if required, and then migrate your existing DHCP databases.

Additional Resources 71
DHCP Deployment Process
Deploying or upgrading DHCP in your organization involves several important planning, design, and
implementation steps. Figure 2.1 shows the process for deploying DHCP.
Figure 2.1 Deploying DHCP

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