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Designing RIS Installations

Designing RIS Installations

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CHAPTER 4

Use Remote Installation Services (RIS) to simplify the installation of operating systems on client computers in your organization by performing remote image- and CD-based installations on client computers with no operating system or on failed computers that need restoration of the operating system. RIS enables you to create, maintain, and quickly install identical operating system and software configurations on multiple remote client computers with a predefined level of end-user interaction.

In This Chapter

Overview of the RIS Deployment Process....................................................... .....162 Planning RIS Installations.................................................................. ..................172 Designing RIS-based Installations............................................ ...........................215 Configuring and Deploying RIS..................................................................... .......278 Deploying an Operating System...................................................................... ....290 Additional Resources.............................................................................. .............291

Related Information
\u2022
For information about Sysprep installations, see \u201cDesigning Image-based Installations with
Sysprep\u201d in this book.
\u2022
For information about unattended installations, see \u201cDesigning Unattended Installations\u201d in
this book.
Designing RIS
Installations
162 Chapter 4 Designing RIS Installations
Overview of the RIS
Deployment Process

RIS enables you to support on-demand image-based or script-based clean operating system installations over
a network connection from a RIS server to a RIS client. RIS is included in Microsoft\u00ae Windows\u00ae
Server 2003, Standard Edition; Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition; and Windows Server 2003,
Datacenter Edition operating systems. RIS allows you to standardize client operating system installations,
control the end-user installation experience, and choose the software distribution media you use. RIS
supports large-scale deployments of Windows Server 2003 and Microsoft\u00ae Windows\u00ae XP Professional and
can also serve as an operations and recovery tool.

RIS uses Pre-boot eXecution Environment (PXE) technology to enable client computers without an operating
system to boot remotely to a RIS server that performs installation of a supported operating system over a
TCP/IP network connection. You can deploy one or more RIS servers to accommodate your client operating
system needs, but each client must have compatible hardware, which includes a BIOS and network adapter
that support the remote-boot process. You can create different sets of RIS images to accommodate various
configurations of different groups of client computers. You can also use Group Policy settings to limit the
installation options that RIS presents to clients. You can use RIS to provide interactive operating system
installations that require user input, or fully-automated installations that require no user input other than
logon credentials.

The process steps described in this chapter can help IT professionals in medium and large organizations
successfully plan, design, and execute a RIS-based operating system deployment. Job aids that are available
to assist you in deploying RIS are listed in \u201cAdditional Resources\u201d later in this chapter.

It is recommended that you use RIS when you have a large number of clients that need clean installations of an operating system and when you have an idea of the software configurations you want to deploy in your organization. To deploy RIS, your network infrastructure must be able to support RIS-based installations. Also, DNS and Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) servers must be running on the network and you must have the Active Directory\u00ae directory service installed. In addition, you must be familiar with the Windows XP Professional and Windows Server 2003 setup process.

Additional Resources 163

Once you deploy RIS, you can automate large-scale operating system installations, customized for various
predefined client and server configurations, in either the interactive or fully-automated mode. You can deliver
standard desktops to clients using predefined master images, including customized application installation
and configuration. You can also provide installations based on CD-type images from a distribution share. In
addition, you can secure client installations by setting user access rights and configuring Group Policy
settings that control user installation options.

Process for Deploying RIS

The RIS deployment process consists of three phases including planning, design, and configuration and
deployment. You will need a design team to handle the planning and design phases and a deployment team
for the configuration and deployment phase.

Figure 4.1 illustrates the process steps for deploying RIS in your organization, followed by the deployment of
an operating system.
Figure 4.1 Deploying RIS

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