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Raman

Raman

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Published by: api-3723327 on Oct 18, 2008
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Billones Lecture Notes
UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES MANILA
The Health Sciences Center
Raman Spectroscopy
It is discovered by Indian physicist C.V. Raman in
1928 (Nobel Prize in Physics, 1930)

Raman noted that the wavelength of small fraction of scattered radiation by certain molecules differs from that of the incident beam.

The shifts in wavelength depend upon the chemical
structure.

The phenomenon of Raman scattering results from the same type of quantized vibrational changes that are associated with IR absorption.

Billones Lecture Notes
UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES MANILA
The Health Sciences Center

Thedifference in wavelength between the incident and scattered radiation corresponds to wavelengths in the mid-IR region.

Thus, the Raman spectrum and IR spectrum for a given
species often resemble one another quite closely.
Billones Lecture Notes
UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES MANILA
The Health Sciences Center

However, distinct differences between the two exist to make these techniques complementary rather than competitive.

Example:Raman spectrum is more useful for highly
symmetric molecules.
Important advantages of Raman over IR
Water does not cause interference in Raman.
Glass or quartz cells can be employed.
Use of NaCl and atmospherically unstable windows is avoided.
Unlike in IR, aqueous solution of sample can be used.

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