Study on the Temperature Variation inside the Biodigester of Modified 2 m
GGC 2047 Biogas Plant
Shankar Singh Dhami
, Sarbottam Pant
, Bhaskar Raja Maharjan
and Susan Shrestha
Author: Student of MSREE 066 at IOE, Pulchowk Campus, NepalPhone No: +977 9841614483, E
Co authors: Former IOE students
As the gas yield from a biogas plant is proportional to the temperature of slurry inside biodigester, a constanthigher temperature needs to be maintained inside the biodigester. This study was carried out to find thetemperature distribution inside the biodigester of a kitchen waste and toilet attached GGC 2047 modifiedbiogas plant. The research was carried out in a 2 m
biogas plant at Banepa, Nepal during a period of twomonths (November-December, 2009). From the study, no significant variation of temperature inside thebiodigester was observed. The heat generation due to the anaerobic digestion inside the biogas plant isnegligible and the biodigester was always in thermal equilibrium with the surrounding earth. Thus,insulation of biodigester wall is worthless, unless any external source of heat is coupled with it.
Kenneth Labs Formula, steady state, thermal mass, GGC 2047 Model
= Mean ground temperature or average solar temperature t the soil surface,
= Annual temperature at soil surface (maximum air temperature - minimum air temperature),
C;T = time period (day or year or months);t = time of the year in days (current time in day); secX = Depth below the surface;
= phase constant, day of the year of the minimum surface temperature;
= thermal diffusivity of soil, in m
Biodigester is the most essential part of the biogasplant where anaerobic digestion of biodegradablematerials takes place and biogas is produced.Fluctuations of temperature inside biodigesterretard microbial activities and the biogasproduction decreases. Thus, a constanttemperature needs to be maintained inside thebiodigester for efficient biogas production.Variation of temperature inside the biodigestertakes place due to conduction of heat to and fromthe surrounding earth. Similarly heat is generateddue to anaerobic digestion inside the biodigester.This, heat flow creates a combined effect of temperature fluctuation inside the biodigester.
Periodic variation of surrounding earthtemperature with depth
Ground temperature is governed by a number of factors. The most important of which are: (1)
Geometric, including latitude (L), altitude (β) and
prevailing weather conditions; (2) Sitecharacteristics, including surface conditions andsurface temperature, landscaping, microclimate,and water table; and (3) thermal physicalproperties of the soil. The diurnal fluctuationsappear largely at the soil surface and rapidly fadeout with depth. Below 15
51 cm depending onsoil type, thermal diffusivity (
α), and m
oisturecontent - the soil temperature does not reflectdaily changes at the surface.
(M.Sc. Thesis, Pawan Basnyat).